# People

## Jody Azzouni

**Contact Info:**

Department of Philosophy

Miner Hall, Room 221B

Tufts University

Medford, MA 02155

Office: 617.627.2345

Email Professor

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Personal website

*Professor*

**Expertise**

Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Logic, Philosophy of
Mathematics, Philosophy of Science

**Biography**

Jody Azzouni was born in NYC. Apart from the philosophy he does, he has a degree in mathematics. As a result, his first philosophy book, *Metaphysical Myths*, *Mathematical Practice: The Ontology and Epistemology of the Exact Sciences*, is in philosophy of mathematics. His second book in philosophy of science is *Knowledge and Reference in Empirical Science*. His third and fourth books, *Deflating Existential Commitment: A Case for Nominalism and Tracking Reason: Proof, Consequence, and Truth*, appeared with Oxford University Press. His new book, *Talking about Nothing: Numbers, Hallucinations, and Fictions*, is forthcoming with Oxford University Press.

Jody also publishes fiction and poetry. Some of this work is on Azzouni.com.

**Education**

Ph.D. in Philosophy, C.U.N.Y. Graduate Center

M.S. in Mathematics, New York University

**Selected Publications**

Books

1994 Metaphysical Myths, Mathematical Practice. Cambridge University Press.2000 Knowledge and Reference in Empirical Science. Routledge.2004 Deflating Existential Consequence: A Case for Nominalism. Oxford University Press.2006 Tracking Reason: Proof, Consequence and Truth. Oxford University Press.2010 Talking about Nothing: Numbers, Hallucinations, and Fictions. Oxford: Oxford University Press.2013 Semantic Perception: How the illusion of a common language arises and persists. Oxford University Press.Forthcoming Papers

- "McEvoy on Benacerraf's problem and the epistemic role puzzle". Forthcoming in New Perspectives on the Philosophy of Paul Benacerraf: Truth, Objects, Infinity (ed. Fabrice Pataut). Springer. In the series: Logic, Epistemology and the Unity of Science, 2015."
- "Deflationist Truth". Forthcoming in
Oxford Handbook of Truth, edited by Michael Glanzberg. Oxford University Press.Published Downloadable Papers

The following papers are available in pdf form:

2004 Proof and Ontology in Euclidean Mathematics. In Tinne Hoff Kjeldsen, Stig Andur Pedersen, and Lise Mariane Sonne-Hansen, New trends in the history and philosophy of mathematics, Denmark: University Press of Southern Denmark, 117-133. 2005 Is there still a sense in which mathematics can have foundations? In G. Sica, ed., Essays on the Foundations of Mathematics and Logic. Polimetrica, 9-47.2008 The compulsion to believe: Logical inference and normativity. ProtoSociology25: 69-88.2009 Evading truth commitments: The problem reanalyzed. Logique & Analyse 206, 139-176. 2010 The Rule-Following Paradox and the Impossibility of Private Rule-Following. The Baltic International Yearbook. Cognition, Logic and Communication. Volume 5: Meaning, Understanding and Knowledge, October, 2010.2011 Nominalistic content. In Carlo Cellucci, Emily Grosholz and Emiliano Ippoliti, ed., Logic and knowledge.Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2011.2011 Can science change our notion of existence? In ProtoSociology: An International Journal and Interdisciplinary Project, 2011.2014 A new characterization of scientific theories In Synthese191: 2993-3008Published Papers

The following papers are available in either offprint form or as copies. Please send Prof. Azzouni an email with a postal address and a list of which papers from among these that you would like.

2013 "That we see that some diagrammatic proofs are perfectly rigorous," Philosophia Mathematica(3) 21, 323-338."Inconsistency in natural languages," Synthese190:5, 3175-3284.

"Nonexistent objects," Oxfordbibliographies.com "Hobnobbing with the nonexistent." Inquiry56:4, 340-358."The relationship of derivations in artificial languages to ordinary rigorous mathematical proof," Philosophia Mathematica(3) 21, 247-254.2012 "Taking the easy road out of Dodge," Mind121-484, October, 951-965."Summary of Talking about Nothing," and "Responses to Gabriele Contessa, Erin Eaker, and Nikk Effingham." In (Anthony Ellis, ed.) Analysis Reviews72/2, 327-29, 366-379."Simple metaphysics and 'ontological independence." In (Fabrice Correia and Benjamin Schnieder, ed.) Metaphysical grounding: Understanding the structure of reality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 234-253."Referring to what is and to what isn't." In (William P. Kabasenche, Michael O'Rourke, and Matthew H. Slater, ed.) Reference and referring. The MIT Press, 253-269.2011 "Singular thoughts (objects-directed thoughts)." In (Mark Eli Kalderon, ed.) Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume LXXXV. Great Britain: The Aristotelian Society, 45-61. 2010 "Ontology and the word 'exist': Uneasy relations." Philosophia Mathematica (III) 18:1, 74-101. "Partial ontic fictionalism." In John Woods, ed., Fiction and models: New essays.Munich: Philosophia Verlag GmbH, 289-324.2009 "Why do informal proofs conform to formal norms?" Foundations of Science 14: 9-26. "Empty de re attitudes about numbers," Philosophia Mathematica (III) 17:2, 163-188. 2008 Alternative logics and the role of truth in the interpretation of languages. In Douglas Patterson, ed., New essays on Tarski and philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 390-429.A cause for concern: Standard abstracta and causation. Philosophia Mathematica(III) 16, 397-401.(With Otavio Bueno.) On what it takes for there to be no fact of the matter. Noûs42:4, 753-769.2007 The inconsistency of natural languages: How we live with it. Inquiry50:6, 590-605.Ontological commitment in the vernacular. Noûs41:2, 204-226.2006 How and why mathematics is unique as a social practice. In Reuben Hersh, ed., 18 unconventional essays on the nature of mathematics. Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.2005 How to nominalize formalism. Philosophia Mathematica(III) 13: 135-159.Anaphorically unrestricted quantifiers and paradoxes. In J. C. Beall and Bradley Armour-Garb, eds., Deflationism and Paradox, 250-273. Oxford University Press.(With Bradley Armour-Garb.) Standing on common ground. Journal of PhilosophyCII (10): 532-544.(With Otavio Bueno.) Review of Donald MacKenzie's Mechanizing Proof: Computing, Risk, and Trust.Philosophia Mathematica(III) 13: 319-325.2004 Proof and ontology in Euclidean mathematics. In Tinne Hoff Kjeldsen, Stig Andur Pedersen, Lise Mariane Sonne-Hanse, eds., New trends in the history and philosophy of mathematics. Denmark: University Press of Southern Denmark, 117-33.The derivation-indicator view of mathematical practice. Philosophia Mathematica3, 12: 81-105.Theory, observation and scientific realism. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science55: 371-92.Tarski, Quine, and the transcendence of the vernacular "true". Synthese142: 273-88.2003 Individuation, causal relations and Quine. In Mark Richard, ed., Meaning. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 197-219.The strengthened liar, the expressive strength of natural languages, and regimentation. The Philosophical Forum, 34, 3&4: 329-50.2001 Truth via anaphorically restricted quantifiers. The Journal of Philosophical Logic30: 329-54.2000 Applying mathematics: An attempt to design a philosophical problem. The Monist82, 2: 209-27.Stipulation, logic, and ontological independence. Philosophia Mathematica3, 8: 225-54.1999 Review of Michael D. Resnik's Mathematics as a science of patterns.Journal of Symbolic Logic64, 2: 922-3.Comments on Shapiro. The Journal of Philosophy96: 541-44.1998 On "On what there is". Pacific Philosophical Quarterly79, 1-18.1997 Thick epistemic access: Distinguishing the mathematical from the empirical. The Journal of Philosophy94: 472-84.Applied mathematics, existential commitment and the Quine-Putnam indispensability thesis. Philosophia Mathematica5, 3: 193-209.1995 Review of Aladdin M. Yaqub's The Liar Speaks the Truth.Mind104, 413: 222-25.1992 A prioritruth.Erkenntnis37, 327-46.1991 A simple axiomatizable theory of truth. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic, 32, 3: 458-93.1990 Truth and convention. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly71, 81-102.