Undergraduate Programs

Cluster 2: Social Inequalities and Social Change

The study of inequalities and social change to address inequalities has historically been a core field of study in Sociology. Early social theorists such as Karl Marx, Max Weber, and Emile Durkheim developed concepts and analytical frameworks that still influence the study of inequalities and social change.

Today, sociologists focus on inequalities of race, ethnicity, and immigrant status; social class; and gender. Historic levels of inequality of wealth and income, education, and political and civic participation have wide-ranging effects on health, crime, family structure, residential segregation, work and unemployment, and social mobility.

Social change to address these inequalities focuses on re-structuring societal institutions to distribute resources more equitably. Social change that produces greater equality can also involve changes in norms, values, technology, and patterns of interaction among individuals and social groups. Methods that create such change include social movements and other forms of local, national, and global activism. Change also arises from advocacy and social reform activities by nongovernmental nonprofit organizations and from governmental policy analysis and reform.

Elective courses for the Social Inequalities and Social Change cluster

  • SOC 10: American Society
  • SOC 11: Racial/ Ethnic Minorities* OR Sociology of Race and Ethnicity
  • SOC 20: Families and Intimate Relationships
  • SOC 30: Sex and Gender in Society
  • SOC 50: Globalization and Social Change
  • SOC 60 OR SOC 130: Social Inequalities/Social Justice
  • SOC 70: Immigration, Race, and American Society
  • SOC 94-02: Health Policy & Inequality
  • SOC 94-03: The Sociology of Science and Risk
  • SOC 94-04: Latinos in the United States
  • SOC 94-06: Sociology of Violence
  • SOC 94-09: The Sociology of Higher Education
  • SOC 94-10: Education and Inequality
  • SOC 94-11: People, Places and the Environment
  • SOC 94-13: Freshman Seminar: Common Reading, Common Purpose
  • SOC 94-14: Homelessness in America
  • SOC 94-16: The American Labor Movement
  • SOC 94-17: Girls and Girlhood
  • SOC 99: Internship
  • SOC 106 OR 149-08: Political Sociology
  • SOC 110: Racial/ Ethnic Minorities*
  • SOC 111: Making Social Change Happen
  • SOC 112: Criminology
  • SOC 113: Urban Sociology
  • SOC 121: Sociology of Law
  • SOC 135 OR SOC 35: Social Movements
  • SOC 141: Medical Sociology
  • SOC 149-05: Consumers & Consumerism
  • SOC 149-06: Deviant Behavior
  • SOC 149-07: Sexuality and Society
  • SOC 149-09: Mental Health and Illness
  • SOC 149-10: Understanding Poverty
  • SOC 149-17: Theories of Femininity
  • SOC 187: Seminar: Immigrant Children
  • SOC 188-04: Consumers and Consumerism
  • SOC 188-05: The Masculine Mystique
  • SOC 188-07: Race and Politics
  • SOC 188-08: Seminar: Identity & Inequality
  • SOC 188-09: Youth of Color
  • SOC 188-10: Racial Identity in Historical Perspective
  • SOC 190: Seminar: Immigration: Public Opinion, Politics & Media
  • SOC 192: Seminar: AIDS: Social Origins, Global Consequences
  • SOC 193: Politics, Policies and Risk in Science and Technology
  • SOC 197: Independent Study
  • SOC 198: Directed Research in Sociology
  • SOC 199: Senior Honors Thesis

*SOC 11 "Sociology of Race and Ethnicity" was formerly offered as SOC 11, SOC 110
"Racial/Ethnic Minorities." Students who have previously taken SOC 11, SOC 110 "Racial/Ethnic Minorities" may not count this course as a separate elective.