Tufts University  |  School of Arts and Sciences  |  School of Engineering  |  Find People  |  Give  | 
   

Course Information

ENVS-Specific Programs Offered and Cross-Listed Courses

Environmental Studies, being a multi-disciplinary program, offers courses sponsored by other departments within the University, as well as those offered specifically by ENVS. The following is a list of courses that are either sponsored directly by ENVS, or cross-listed. Additional courses can be viewed within the Track criteria that are approved within the major, but not cross-listed or offered specifically by ENVS.
Note: Not all courses on this list are approved for all tracks. Please refer to your track course listing to understand applicability.

The list below was updated on April 5, 2020. For an up-to-date course list go to the SIS Course Catalogue and look beneath the 'ENV - Environmental Studies' section. Please note that courses listed as 'Various semesters' may not be taught regularly, or may no longer be taught. For questions about a specific course contact us at environmentalstudies@tufts.edu.

ENV 1 Intro to Environmental Studies
A case study approach to integrating the natural and social sciences with the arts and the humanities when exploring environmental challenges. Draws on both major Western thinkers and indigenous, global, and emerging environmental thinkers.

ENV 5 Environmental Studies Lecture Series
Tied to the Environmental Studies Lunch and Learn lecture series featuring presentations on environmental topics by speakers from government, industry, academia, and non-profit organizations. Opportunity to broaden knowledge beyond the curriculum, explore career paths, meet other faculty and students, and network with the speakers. Students submit short writings before and after each talk. Detailed information about speakers and a full schedule can be found on the Environment Studies website. Mandatory pass/fail.

ENV 007 / BIO 007 Environmental Biology
An examination of major natural and created ecosystems and human influences on them. Biological bases for species distributions, human population size, and conservation. Ecological bases for sound land use and pollution abatement.EC 008 Principles of Economics with Environmental Applications

An introduction to the fundamentals of microeconomic and macroeconomic analysis. Covers the same concepts and tools as Economics 5 with a focus on environmental issues, examples and applications. Satisfies all major or minor requirements satisfied by EC 5. EC 5 and 8 may not both be taken for credit.

ENV 009 Food Systems: From Farm to Table
Introduction to the structure and functions of past, present, and future food systems. Emphasis is placed on the psychological, biological, social, economic and political systems that impact food production, processing, distribution, and consumption. Examination of real-world issues facing stakeholders in the New England food system.

ENV 010 / BIO 010 Plant and Humanity
Principles of botany accenting economic aspects and multicultural implications of plants, their medicinal products, crop potential, and biodiversity. Emphasis placed on global aspects of this dynamic science, with selected topics on acid rain, deforestation, biotechnology, and other applications. Also covered are medicinal, poisonous, and psychoactive species, as well as nutritional sources from seaweeds and mushrooms to mangos and durians. Three lectures.

ENV 011 / UEP 011 Intro to Urban Studies
Introduction to cities and urbanization. Exploration of the intellectual foundations of the urban studies field (including anthropology, sociology, economics, history, political science, American studies, environmental studies, urban planning, and public policy). Key topics include gentrification, social justice, racism, housing affordability, neuro-architecture, immigration, and demographic analysis.

ENV 025 / ES 25 Environment and Technology
The impact and interaction of technology and the environment will be evaluated using historical examples. Environmental problems and their solutions will be evaluated from an engineering viewpoint. This course is a core requirement of the Environmental Studies program.
Prerequisite(s): CHEM 1 or 16 and sophomore standing.

ENV 027 / ES 027 Public Health Engineering
An introduction to public health engineering. Elements of waterborne disease control, hazardous materials management, occupational health and safety, and environmental interventions. Applications to environmental engineering and environmental engineering science.

ENV 030 / EC 030: Environmental Economics
Fall/Spring Semester: Social Sciences Distribution

An examination of the uses and limitations of economic analysis in dealing with many of the environmental concerns of our society. Public policies concerning the environment will be evaluated as to their ability to meet certain economic criteria.
Prerequisite(s): EC 005

ENV 034 / CSHD 034 Children, Nature and the Development of Earth Stewards
Programs and methods being used around the world to connect children and teens to the natural world and nourish their development as earth stewards. Forest schools, wilderness programs, environmental education, urban gardening, children’s books related to earth stewardship, and teen protests for climate action. By permission of instructor, open to graduate students as CSHD 234

ENV 051 / BIO 051 Experiments in Ecology
An introduction to field research in different habitats. Emphasis on acquiring skills in taxonomic identification, sampling techniques, hypothesis testing and experimental design, data analysis and interpretation, as well as oral and written communication. Opportunity for student-designed group research projects on ecological questions. One laboratory session per week plus one discussion period.
Prerequisite(s): Sophomore standing and BIO 14 or equivalent.

CEE 154 Fundamentals of Epidemiology
A single course which provides students an introduction to epidemiologic techniques and analyses, including such topics as incidence and prevalence, age adjustment, and other techniques appropriate for the handling of confounders, the measurement of risk through the odds ratio and relative risk, and the interpretation of epidemiologic results. The course will feature applications of epidemiologic techniques to topics appropriate for public and community health applications such as those found in infectious disease control, screening for personal risk factors, and the conducting of disease cluster evaluations.

ENV 82 / GER 82 Imagining the Environment: Cross-Cultural Perspectives
Compares and contrasts representations of the environment in German culture — commonly understood to be particularly "Green" — with other European and Non-European cultures. Focuses on how themes such as sustainability, the toxic discourse, wilderness, biodiversity, nationalism, post-colonial heritage, and the global risk society are negotiated in literature, film, and music. May be taken at the 100 level. In English.

ENV 091 / BIO 001 Environmental Preservation and Improvement
Seminar based on current readings from environmental journals that provide insight into environmental science for use by scientists, science media, business leaders, and political decision makers. Topic areas include biodiversity and wildlife, alternative energy, ocean protection, climate shift, urban ecology, sustainable agriculture, GIS and remote imagery.

ENV 094 / UEP 094 Environmental Policy, Planning and Politics
Open only to undergraduates, course introduces students to the concepts and techniques central to environmental policy, including the important roles played by politics and planning. Serves as a foundation for further work in Environmental Studies or as a broad overview of the issues key in the field. Structured around four varied case studies involving simulated environmental conflicts, each culminating in a "policy forum" consisting of presentations by student teams who represent specific interests (e.g., environmental advocates, legislators, agencies and corporations). Course also features guest presentations by other faculty from the graduate Department of Urban and Environmental policy and Planning.

ENV 95/195/196 Special Topics Courses
One time courses. Varies each semester. Consult SIS.

ENV 099 Environmental Internship
A period of service with an organization, either public or private, concerned with environmental engineering, research, protection, modification, legislation, or education. Required of all majors in the program, internship proposals must first be approved by Program administrator. Many academic semester and summer internships are available. Adviser-approved participation in field courses and fieldwork, both at Tufts and elsewhere, may be substituted for this requirement. No credit.

ENV 100 Sustainability in Action
An integrated multidisciplinary approach to the study and practice of sustainability. Introduction to the breadth of sustainability and the enormous career opportunities available, including data analysis, stakeholder engagement, and field work. Topics include: water, waste, energy, climate change, transportation, food & agriculture, informational interviewing and networking skills.

ENV 105 Flowers of the Alps
First summer session, offered only at the Talloires campus (France)

The Talloires region is home to hundreds of floral species that shape human culture as sources of food, medicine, environmental indicators, and inspiration in art and architecture. Through direct personal experiences with plants in their native habitat, this course enables us to answer "What plant is that?" We cover the bases of plant identification, drawing on plant life history and flower architecture to key out local species and recognize major plant families by sight. Traveling to world-class wildflower displays in the Talloires uplands, we get first-hand experience with alpine flora, ecology, climate change, and the basis of scientific evidence. Students become adept at spotting important plant families, recognizing plant uses throughout the world.

ENV 107 / GIS 101 Special Topics-Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
Broad foundation of GIS theory, capabilities, technology, and applications. Topics include GIS data structure and management, geodesy and map projections, and various techniques for raster and vector spatial data analysis. Laboratory exercises concentrate on applying concepts presented in the lectures using Idrisi and ArcGIS.

ENV 108 / Bio 108 Plant Development
Structural and physiological aspects of plant development. Genetic and environmental influences on development as these pertain to germination, root and shoot growth, and plant sexuality and flowering. Information on corn, bean, and tobacco systems will be extended to diverse groups such as cacti, ferns, bromelaids, water plants, parasitic and carnivorous plants.

ENV 0110 / HIST-0170-40 Environmental Humanities
Place-based knowledge, land ethics, indigenous knowledge and traditional ecological knowledge to social change, justice, narrative conventions and connections with science and technology including contributions from indigenous and local communities. Primary source analysis will include literature, historical texts, and visual works.

ENV 111 Global Environmental History
Exploration on a global scale of how physical environments have shaped human history and how humans have thought about and reshaped their natural surroundings. Particular focus on climate, food systems, energy use, sustainability, urbanization, politics, and social and economic structures.

ENV 112 / CEE 112 Hydrology/Water Resource
An introduction to the science of hydrology and to the design of water resource systems. Basic hydrologic processes such as precipitation, infiltration, groundwater flow, evaporation, and streamflow are discussed. Applications of hydrology to water supply, flood control and watershed modeling are emphasized. Students develop their own hydrologic models using computer software. Prerequisite(s): CEE 12

ENV 113 / CEE 113 / EOS 131 Groundwater
The geology and hydrology of groundwater. Topics include: hydraulic properties of soils, sediments, and rocks; physics of groundwater flow; flow nets, modeling groundwater systems; geology of regional flow; aquifer exploration and water well construction methods; well hydraulics and aquifer testing; applications in the geosciences and in civil /geotechnical/environmental engineering.
Prerequisite(s): EOS 1 or EOS 2 (formerly GEO 1 or GEO 2), and MATH 32 (formerly MATH 11).

ENV 120 Intro to Environmental Fieldwork: From Class to Community
Exploration of environmental fieldwork—how to gather, analyze and communicate data—in the natural and social sciences. Coverage includes Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Work with community clients to ask questions based on environmental concerns. Collect and interpret relevant data and report findings to stakeholders. Fieldwork will range from forests and urban areas to archival sources, maps, databases, surveys, and interviews. One laboratory session per week plus one discussion period. No pre-requisites.

ENV 128 / VISC 128 Food as Sculpture
An unprecedented attention has been paid to Food as a form of art in the past few years. This seminar explores recent curatorial, theoretical and historical contributions on this topic. We will look at food as a subject for Pop sculpture; the incorporation of food in New Realists ready mades; food as edible material for three dimensional work; ingestion, food and the body in sculptural and performative pieces; feminist installation art and references to the kitchen; artist restaurants, food and counterculture; food decay in sculptural works, as a signifier of time or trigger of disgust; gardening and farming as social sculpture; and relational projects using cooking and dining as tools for community building. The readings assigned will address theoretical aspects, such as the aesthetic and phenomenological experience of taste; memory and everyday foods; identity politics; and relational aesthetics. The list of artists discussed includes: Claes Oldenburg; Carolee Schneemann; Hannah Wilke; Janine Antoni; Robin Weltsch and Vicki Hodgetts; Gordon Matta Clark; Allen Ruppersberg; Paul McCarthy; Joseph Beuys; Rirkrit Tiravanija; Andi Sutton; and Michael Rakovitz. The class features two small group discussion sessions with scientists at the Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging in Chinatown to consider the possible intersections of food-based art and nutrition science. We will also develop a final community-based project in collaboration with a community partner in Chinatown, to bring HNRCA in dialogue with a neighboring association through forms of creative expression.

ENV 129 / VISC 129 Greening of the Art: Ecology, Sustainability and Sculpture Since 1960
It explores the impact of theories for sustainable development on contemporary sculpture. We will cover the history of the ecology movement since the 1960s, as well as the development of ideas of sustainability since the late 1980s, highlighting the difference between ecology and sustainability in concept, context and reception. We will study artists whose work contributes to shape current perceptions of ecology, such as Hamish Fulton, Helen Mayer Harrison, Newton Harrison, Joseph Beuys and Mark Dion. Furthermore, the socio-political implications of recent definitions of sustainability will be considered and framed within the discourse on globalization: in this context, we will look at the work of Rirkrit Tiravanija, Eteam, Andrea Zittel, Marjetica Potrc, Gediminas and Nomeda Urbonas, among many others. We will finally consider local practices, such as artist Julie Stone's commitment to community gardening, which blurs the boundaries between environmental activism and sculpture.

ENV 130 / BIO 130 Animal Behavior
An examination of ethological theory: the development of behavior, orientation, migration, communication, and social behavior. Particular emphasis will be placed on the functioning of animal societies. Prerequisite(s): BIO 13 and 14, or equivalent.

ENV 135 Environmental Policy
Overview of environmental policy focusing initially on the United States experience, then linking to global environmental policy-making. Introduction to the ways in which environmental policies are made in the United States and abroad including major actors, key decisions, and future challenges.

ENV 140 Environmental, History and Justice
Introduces skills for "reading" the dynamic history of places and landscapes. Approaches for investigating and analyzing landscapes anywhere in the world. Methods include landscape literacy, archeology, and archival research. Environmental justice implies that all peoples should share equally in environmental goods, like safe parks, and in environmental harms, such as air pollution. Native American communities, in particular, face specific disproportionate impacts connected to land ownership and spatial justice. Additional work expected of graduate students

ENV 142 / BIO 142 Population and Community Ecology
Introduction to population dynamics (population structure and growth), species interactions (predator-prey, competition, mutualism), and community structure (adaptations to the physical environment, patterns and processes governing the world's biomes). Prerequisites: BIO 14 or equivalent, or permission of instructor.

ENV 143 / BIO 143 Evolutionary Biology
Examines hypotheses for patterns of biological diversity and for the apparent good fit of organisms to the environment. Topics include the genetic and developmental basis of evolutionary change, processes at the population level, the theory of evolution by natural selection, concepts of fitness and adaptation, rates and long-term trends in evolution, extinction, bio-geographical patterns, determinants of conflict and cooperation, the evolution of sex and life history, modes of speciation, and co-evolutionary dynamics. The laboratory will familiarize students with evolutionary genetics methods. Topics include genotype-phenotype relationships, DNA sequence assembly and alignment, gene and gene pathway function, estimation of population demography and phylogenetic relationships, and hypothesis testing. (Group C.) 1.5 credits, max enrollment 36. Prerequisite(s): BIO 13 and 14, or equivalent.

ENV 144 / BIO 144 Principles of Conservation Biology
Learning and application of principles from population ecology, population genetics, and community ecology to the conservation of species and ecosystems. Focus on rare and endangered species, as well as threatened ecosystems. Includes applications from animal behavior, captive breeding, and wildlife management. Readings from current texts and primary literature.

ENV 146 Food Justice / UEP 50 / ANTH 140
Food justice as a concept and practice, both historically and in the present. Migration and farmworker organizing; health and inequitable food distribution; finance capitalism, farm lending, and institutional racism; plantations and the under-acknowledged contributions of dispossessed peoples to agricultural development and food culture; cultural appropriation; indigenous land theft and reclamation; food sovereignty and political autonomy; agri-chemicals, toxicity, and environmental violence; and the politics of cheap food. The idea of "justice" is an open question in this class — not a pre-defined ideal: what it means to apply varied and culturally-specific notions of justice to non-human subjects such as landscapes, seeds, and animals. Readings drawn from anthropology and human geography center on the United States and Mexico.

ENV 150 Environment, Communication and Cultures
This new course will explore the intersection of environmental issues, communication and cultures. We will examine where our beliefs about environmental issues come from, how both news and entertainment media cover environmental challenges, and why good coverage of critical issues is so difficult. In addition, we will explore green marketing, the relationship among politics, environmental issues and media, and discuss how media can be used by individuals and advocacy groups to effect social change. This course serves as the required core course for the Environmental Communication track, is an elective for other ENVS majors and can count as a social science elective for one of the CMS minors.
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor and approval of adviser

ENV 152: Seminar in Environmental Negotiations
An introduction to the history and current application of environmental negotiations in response to complex environmental challenges. Study of both the theory behind varied approaches to negotiating environmental agreements and the international and domestic systems through which such negotiations take place. Combines both traditional seminar discussions and hands-on activities such as negotiation simulations.

ENV 158 / CEE 158 Ocupational and Environmental Health
An examination of current topics in the area of occupational and environmental health, with particular emphasis on the types of materials that produce human health effects. Both clinical and epidemiologic data will be used to assess the public health importance of environmental pollutants and to evaluate the effectiveness of control strategies. Recommendations: Senior Standing or consent of instructor.

ENV 160 / ENG 160 / PJS 160 Environmental Justice and World Literature
An examination of contemporary world literature in relation to environmental justice concerns. Works by Helena María Viramontes, Gloria Naylor, Karen Tei Yamashita, Ken Saro-Wiwa, Jamaica Kincaid, Amitava Ghosh, with particular attention to issues of environmental racism, ecofeminism, environmental imperialism, and urban ecologies. Emphasis on the role of literature and the arts in social change, including practical strategies for activism. Prerequisite(s): ENG 1, 2 required or fulfillment of college writing requirement. Recommended that the student already have taken either ENG 020, 021, 022, or 023.

ENV 164 / BIO 164 Marine Biology
An intermediate-level introduction to the biology of marine organisms. Following a detailed survey of major marine animal and plant groups, the course will consider aspects of biology that are particularly relevant to marine organisms: adaptation to salinity and temperature fluctuation, bioluminescence and its ecological significance, locomotory mechanics, food-chain dynamics, dispersal and substrate selection, and control of species diversity.

ENV 167 Environmental Toxicology
This course is designed to present the basic scientific principles of toxicology and the relations of toxicology to health-based risk assessment and hazardous materials management. The toxic effects of hazardous substances on specific organ systems are described, as well as the mechanisms of action of some frequently encountered environmental contaminants. Specialized topics related to the field of toxicology are also discussed, including animal to human extrapolation of data, mutagenicity/carcinogenicity, and teratogenesis.

ENV 170 Environmental Data, Analysis and Visualization
Provides skills in data management, study design, statistical analysis, and data visualization that are critical for those working in environmental fields through hands-on experience working with environmental datasets. Environmental data are unique in that they are often spatial in nature, containing multiple variables that interact. These types of data require a careful approach to analysis and visualization.Topics covered include best practices in data access and storage, data analysis and interpretation, and data visualization for relevant stakeholders. Prerequisite: An introductory statistics course.

ENV 176 / ENV 176 Earth Matters: American Literature and the Environment
A multicultural American literature course in the environmental humanities. Major themes and topics include climate change, earth-based values, animal rights, and resource equity. Fiction, poetry, prose, and film. Inclusion of authors such as Wendell Berry, Louise Erdrich, Gloria Naylor, Bill McKibben, Rita Wong, Simon Ortiz, Rachel Carson, bell hooks, Linda Hogan.

ENV 181 / BIO 181 Tropical Ecology and Conservation
Ecology and evolution of biodiversity in the tropics. Discussions of original literature; presentations of particular ecosystems, communities, or organisms; team design of research project to be completed during two weeks of intensive fieldwork in December/January in Costa Rica. Meets two times per week during the semester and is followed by a required research trip to Costa Rica. Funding may be available for those in need. Group C. Recommendation: BIO 14L or equivalent. Permission of instructor required.

ENV 0182 / BIO 185 Food For All: Ecology, Biotechnology & Sustainability
An interdisciplinary examination of the pros and cons of two divergent approaches to meeting the increasing global food demand: organic farming and genetic engineering. Contrasting crops grown in developing and industrialized countries serve as case studies to evaluate: (1) how ecological knowledge makes food production more sustainable; (2) what existing and emerging approaches can, in the face of climate change, contribute to a reliable supply of nutritious food; and (3) the political and economic drivers that shape who has access to these technologies. An important focus is developing communication skills for negotiating stakeholder-specific perspectives (growers, advocacy groups, industry, governmental agencies).
Please see departmental website for specific details.
Recommendations: Intro Bio or Intro Chemistry or equivalent

ENV 187 / UEP 207 Environmental Law
Analysis of environmental law and natural resource management at the federal, Tribal, state and local levels of government. The course is designed for those planing careers in environmental science, land use planning and environmental management and should be of value to others interested in learning about the structure of the nation's primary pollution statues and mechanisms for managing and protecting natural resources

ENV 190 Practicing in the Food Systems
Project-based course designed to integrate academic learning with application in a range of food systems settings. Focused observation exercise culminating in a jointly produced useable report for a community partner. Emphasis will be on balance between process and product. Readings, discussion, and field research will be split between the specific content focus of the group project and general issues arising from planning and carrying out interdisciplinary team projects; developing productive relationships with communities, clients, and stakeholders; addressing ethical concerns in collaborative and public research. Preference will be given to students who have declared the Food Systems and Nutrition minor or the Food Systems, Nutrition and Environment major.

ENV 191 Environmental Studies Capstone
Semester-long problem-solving, design, and/or analysis project. In teams, students address a current issue or question related to sustainability and the environment. Offers direct experience with the range and complexity of activities required to address a real-world environmental project.
Prerequisites: ENV 0001, ENV 0120, senior standing (juniors by permission of the instructor), and one course taken from the following: ENV 0150, ENG/ENV 0160, ENG/ENV 0176, or ANTH 0024.

ENV 197 / GIS 102 Advanced Geographic Information Systems
Design and use of spatial information systems to support analytical modeling in research and practice. Topics include the structure and integration of large data sets, relational database management, development of spatial data, integration of data into models and geo-processing techniques, and basic scripting to support geospatial modeling.

ENV 198 Directed Research
In-depth study of an environmental topic under faculty supervision. Students will need to request pre-approval from their advisor and the ENVS program to use it as part of their major or minor. If approved, a directed research can be used as an elective class or to fulfill the capstone requirement. Substantive final paper or project demonstrating new ideas and oral presentation required. Prerequisites: Senior standing, ENVS majors only, one prior course/internship in the area of study, or faculty permission.

ENV 199 Senior Honors Thesis in Environmental Studies
The Thesis Honors Program involves independent study on ENVS track-related topics that leads to a senior thesis and a qualifying oral examination. The program aims to develop individual initiative and habits of critical analysis. Students must demonstrate they can develop and complete a project of substantial magnitude. Completing such an in-depth study is a personally rewarding and educationally valuable capstone to the major, offering students the opportunity to explore an environmental studies topic in depth and assess their interest in an academic career. For additional information on a Senior Honors Thesis at Tufts University, click here.

ENV 200 / CEE 200 / UEP 200 Land Use Planning
Covers the workings of American urban governments. Examines the extent to which cities are empowered to control their futures and analyzes the techniques used to plan and protect the public health, safety, and welfare of urban residents.Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor.

ENV 265 / UEP 265 / CEE 265 Corporate Management of Environmental Issues
Explores companies' responses to pressure from stockholders, regulatory agencies, community and nongovernmental organizations to exercise greater responsibility toward the environment. Topics include strategy, staffing and organization, decision-making, codes of conduct, resources, program development, product responsibility, pollution prevention, trade associations, and foreign operations. Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor.

ENV 278 / UEP 278 Environmental Justice, Security, and Sustainability
Examines the concept of social and environmental justice; the history and development of the U.S. environmental justice movement; racism, resource colonization, and the destruction of indigenous and First People's cultures; the shape of environmental justice in different parts of the world; the specter of environmental insecurity; and the role of a ‘just sustainability' in shaping new sustainability discourses, ethics, policies, and plans for the twenty-first century. Prerequisite(s): Consent of Instructor.

ENV 281 / UEP 281 Toxic Chemicals and human Ecology
Focuses on environmental endocrine disruptors, chemicals that mimic or interfere with the hormones of humans and wildlife. Investigates various aspects of the "environmental endocrine hypothesis," including the scientific evidence for health effects, policy response to the claims that chemicals are interfering with the reproductive health of wildlife and humans, international perspectives, and the role of the hypothesis in environmental advocacy movements.

ENV 284 / UEP 284 Developing Sustainable Communities
Explores the many challenges of achieving sustainable development at local, regional, national and international levels. Focuses on improving the quality of people's lives, on disinvested communities, and on the inequitable distribution of income, wealth, and environmental hazards. Investigates the theory of sustainable development, as well as the tools, strategies, and the contexts needed to move towards the ecological integrity, economic security, empowerment, responsibility, and social well-being characteristic of sustainable communities. Case studies drawn from the U.S. and overseas.

ENV 286 / UEP 286 Environmental Ethics
Explores the values, rights, responsibilities and status of entities underlying alternative constructions of environmental issues. Subjects include: anthropocentric vs. biocentric approaches to natural resource protection, precautionary principle, ethics of cost-benefit analysis, equity and risk management, status of "rights" of non-human species and future generations, ethics of sustainable development and energy use, genetically modified crops, transgenic animals, deep ecology, and economic and non-economic value of wilderness and sacred lands.

EOS 002: Environmental Geology w/Lab
Geologic processes at the earth's surface. Groundwater, the development of erosional and depositional landforms, glaciation and climate, and sea level change. Modern geologic environments as analogs for past environments and climate. Geologic processes and humans. Field trips illustrating glacial and coastal environments. Three lectures, one field trip or laboratory.