Fall 2012 Course Descriptions

(M) = Methodologically focused course

PS 11 Introduction to American Politics – Masuoka
(MW 3:00-4:15) Block I+
A study of governmental politics, functions, and programs. Emphasis given to political behavior, both at the mass level and in institutions. Survey of public opinion and political culture, parties, and elections. Congress, the presidency, the bureaucracy, the federal courts, and interest groups.

PS 21 Introduction to Comparative Politics – Art
(MW 10:30-11:45) Block E+
Theories and evidence in comparative politics, preparing students for upper-level courses that focus on specific regions, countries, and themes. Examination and evaluation of competing theoretical approaches to important phenomena in world politics, including democracy and democratization; revolutions; economic development; and ethnicity and ethnic conflict. Discussion of illustrative examples from different regions such as Western Europe, Eastern Europe and Russia, East Asia, South Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and Latin America.

PS 39-01 Soph Sem: Mitigating Electoral Violence in Africa – Robinson
(T 1:30-4:00) Block 6
Electoral violence in Africa is a subset of political violence related to the challenges of state-building. This course examines theories of political violence, theories of democratization, and practical efforts at pre- and post-electoral conflict resolution. Political parties, civil society actors and institutions, electoral management agencies, African regional organizations, the security services, and diplomats all have roles to play. Case studies selected from the 52 elections held in African countries in 2011 and 2012 will enable students to follow efforts at advancing democracy and ending deadly violence in real-time.

PS 41 Western Political Thought I – Evrigenis
(TR 10:30-11:45) Block D+
Cross-listed as Phil 41 & CLS 45
Central concepts of ancient, medieval, and early modern political thought. Ideas of Thucydides, Aristophanes, Plato, and Aristotle during the rise and fall of Athens. Subsequent transformations of political philosophy, related to the decline of the Roman empire and the origins and development of Christian political doctrine, and the new political outlook of those who challenge the hegemony of Christianity. Analysis of how pre-modern political thought helped structure future political debate.

PS 61 Introduction to International Relations – Taliaferro
(TR 10:30-11:45) Block D+
Examination of several conceptual designs intended to make order out of the essential anarchy in international relations, from a theoretical assessment of the nation-state and the nature of national power to an exploration of behavior among nation-states, including the ultimate problem of war and peace and an appraisal of the factors that give an age its particular characteristics.

PS 99-01 Fieldwork in Politics – Gleason
Internship placements with such employers as legislators, campaigns, news media, lobbies, law firms, and administrative agencies. Twelve to fifteen hours of work per week. Written assignments, with supporting readings, on organizational structure, goals and strategies, and occupational socialization.

PS 99-02 City Government Internship – Levine
Through the Institute for Political Citizenship and Tisch College, internship placements in MA State Reps offices and other political organizations in Boston. Full or half credit available depending on number of hours worked per week (8-10 hours for half credit, 12-15 for full credit.) Will include a final paper reflecting on the experience and monthly lunches with other IPC interns to share ideas and challenges. Must have applied through the IPC and been placed in an internship, then register for PS 99:02 on SIS to receive credit. Contact Peter Levine (faculty advisor) or for more info.
Prerequisite: Sophomore Standing

PS 101 Presidency and the Executive Branch – Berry *Cancelled
(MW 10:30-11:45) Block E+
Study of the constitutional development of the presidential office, its power, prestige, and functions, as well as the influences of the person occupying that office. Major emphasis is on the process of policy formulation in the executive branch. Analysis of the president's relations with his staff, the bureaucracy, the Congress, the press, and the public.
Prerequisite: Sophomore Standing

PS 103 Political Science Research Methods (M) – Schildkraut
(D M 9:30-10:20; TR 10:30-11:20) Block D
This course introduces the use of quantitative methods for investigating political issues such as campaigns and elections, the death penalty, public opinion about war and terrorism, and other policy controversies. Students will develop research designs and learn how to collect, analyze, and present data. The course emphasizes hands-on training that will provide useful skills for academic and professional settings. Most readings and assignments emphasize politics in the United States, though the skills we will develop are useful for every aspect of political science.
Prerequisite: Foundational PS Course

PS 114 Political Representation in the United States – Schildkraut
(T 1:30-4:00) Block T
Advanced seminar examining several aspects of political representation in the United States, including debates about what constitutes "good" or "effective" representation and proposals for reform. Topics include Congressional redistricting, increasing electoral competition, whether Congress should "look like America," term limits, the relationship between public opinion and policy making, and how elected officials learn about public opinion. Addresses democratic theory and the impact that electoral rules have on public opinion, political behavior, and representation. Prerequisite: any American politics course.

PS 117 Politics in the American South – Glaser
(MW 10:30-11:45) Block E+
Politics of the American South: Study of politics and government in the eleven states of the former Confederacy. Themes include the role of race and class in the politics of the region, change and continuity in Southern politics and society, and Southern political and cultural exceptionalism. Satisfies the methodological focus requirement.

PS 118-03 Water Diplomacy II: Politics and Economics of Water Policies – Portney
(TR 4:30-5:45) Block L+
The second of three courses designed primarily for students in the Water Diplomacy graduate program, this course serves as a survey of research on public policy making and natural resource economics as applied specifically to issues of water with designated case studies. Topics include: policymaking process frameworks; theoretical models of policymaking with special focus on Ostrom's Institutional Analysis and Development approach; implementation processes associated with integrated water resource management; collaborative watershed management; private versus public water management; estimating water supply and price elasticity of demand; welfare analysis of water benefits; externality analysis of water pollution; economic valuation of water resources; and cost-benefit approaches to evaluating alternative water projects. Graduate or advanced undergraduate standing or consent of instructor required.

PS 118-05 Constitutional Law – Glennon
(MW 11:05-12:20) Arranged
The United States Constitution is an introductory survey of the major themes of American constitutional law, as illuminated by the study of landmark Supreme Court cases dealing with judicial review, the separation of powers, federalism, and individual rights and an examination of the historical, political and economic forces that influenced those cases. Coverage tilts toward international aspects. Classes consist of a combination of lectures and Socratic dialogue. No prior background in law is expected or required. The course is open to all Fletcher students to Tufts juniors, seniors, and graduate students who have completed PS 11, 21, 42, or 61 with the consent of the instructor.

PS 119-02 Senior Seminar: Politics of U.S. Immigration – Masuoka
(W 6:30-9:00) Block 12
The U.S. is in the midst of the most significant influx of immigrants in its history. More than one in ten Americans is foreign born, and together with their children make up almost a quarter of the U.S. population. How will these newcomers impact the form and function of American democracy? This course will address the question: what are the political causes and consequences of immigration policy on American politics? We will review the history of immigration policy in the U.S., identify the processes of immigrant political incorporation as well as consider competing perspectives on contemporary topics such as undocumented immigration.

PS 119-03 New Media, New Politics – Berry
(M 1:30-4:00) Block 5
The focus of this seminar is on cable television news networks, talk radio, and political blogs. Among the topics discussed will be the business model that supports political commentary, why audiences find these media attractive, how TV and radio hosts and blog writers build audiences, the deregulation of media markets, and the impact of these media on polarization in America. Students will work in teams to produce a major research paper.

PS 121 Seminar: Political Culture in Comparative Perspective – Cruz
(T 6:30-9:00) Block 11
How cultural meanings and practices shape political struggles and institutions. Survey of culturalist theories of political dynamics and structures, and assessment of theories against a range of empirical case studies from Asia, the Middle East, Western Europe, Latin America, and the United States.

PS 126 Chinese Politics – Remick
(TR 10:30-11:45) Block D+
Survey of the domestic politics of the People's Republic of China. The development of Communist Party power through the political campaigns of the 1950s and 1960s. The political, cultural, economic, and social challenges faced by post-Mao reformers.

PS 127 Latin American Politics – Cruz
(MW 3:00-4:15) Block I+
This course is intended to deepen our understanding of Latin America and of politics. To that end, we will be concerned with both the political dynamics of Latin America and with significant debates in political science. This course will familiarize students with the rich histories of several Latin American countries and engage social scientific theorizing of such processes as imperialism, colonialism, revolution, regime change, identity politics, and issues in political economy.

PS 129 African Politics – Robinson
(MW 10:30-11:45) Block E+
This course examines the nature of Africa's political institutions and their varying impacts on African economies. We consider why sustainable development has been so illusive, and engage in debates about the way forward. Focusing on political order, economic policies and governance, readings explore a series of interrelated questions: What are the determinants of state-business relationships in the making of economic policies? Why are the poorest countries failing, and what can be done about it? In what ways might gender-targeted strategies turn the tide of Africa's poor economic performance? Is "Smart Aid" possible? Throughout these discussions, we will be mindful.
Prerequisite: Sophomore Standing

PS 132 Seminar: Comparative Politics of Post-Communism – Shevel
(T 1:30-4:00) Block 6
Application and testing of theories of democratization, economic reforms, state and nation-building, ethnic conflicts, and international influences on domestic politics through the exploration of divergent paths taken by the formerly communist states of East-Central Europe and the former Soviet Union since the collapse of communism. Due attention is paid to the main historical and contemporary developments, but the focus is on theoretical attempts to explain the different developmental trajectories upon which the post-communist states have embarked. Students research and write a major research paper.
Prerequisite: Any Comparative Course or Consent

PS 135 Comparative Revolutions (M) – Remick
(TR 1:30-2:45) Block H+
The causes, processes, and outcomes of revolution. Student development of a theory of revolution's causes through comparative examination of revolutions in France, Russia, China, and Iran. Discussion of whether the causes of revolution have changed in the late twentieth century.
Prerequisite: Sophomore Standing. This course is methodologically focused.

PS 138-08 Conflict and Natural Resources – Gleason
(TR 10:30-11:45) Block D+
This course examines the role of natural resource endowments and scarcity in national and international conflicts. Students will explore not only conflict theory but also technical aspects of global environmental change and civil conflict. The course begins with a study of the various causes of conflict at the state, society and individual levels such as structural violence, politics, religion and humiliation. We then explore how constraints on natural resources such as water and fertile soil increase the likelihood of environmentally related violence as compared to other causes of conflict. Finally, the class will explore potential conflict resolution approaches as they relate to resource scarcity and environmental change. Case studies include the Sudan Conflict, Somalia' Pirate Conflicts, and Ache Indonesia's struggle with violence.

PS 138-09 The Political Economy of Developing Countries – Mazaheri
(MW 1:30-2:45) Block G+
This course examines the political economy of developing countries. It begins by introducing a number of theoretical tools that are often used to explain political and economic outcomes in countries from South and East Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and Latin America. Central questions to be explored in the course are: Can democracy foster economic development? Why do governments adopt policies that inhibit development? Does geography matter in explaining development outcomes? Understanding how developing countries interact with the international community (particularly multilateral lending institutions) is also a theme that will be explored. Finally, we will evaluate current thinking about how governments in the developing world can best address some of the challenges they face such as corruption, illiteracy, gender inequality in labor markets, and more.

PS 138-10 The Politics of Oil and Energy – Mazaheri
(MW 4:30-5:45) Block K+
This course examines how oil, energy, and other natural resources have shaped economic and political outcomes in countries around the world. It begins by exploring research on how oil and natural resources affect political regimes and the risk of civil war and international conflict. The economic effects of oil and natural resources are then considered through an analysis of the "resource curse" hypothesis. We will evaluate this hypothesis by investigating the experiences of countries in the Middle East, Latin America, Africa, and North America. The final part of the class takes a public policy focus by looking at how governments design and implement policy related to oil and energy, how oil and energy industries respond to this policy, and how this affects consumers and the public as a whole. We examine topics such as the role of OPEC, regulation, and energy policy in the United States.

PS 139-04 Seminar: The Eurozone in Crisis – Art
(M 1:30-4:00) Block 5
This course will examine how both individual European states and the European Union have responded to the Great Recession and the ensuing Sovereign Debt Crisis. Topics include the history of European Monetary Union (EMU), the spread of the financial crisis from the United States to Europe, debt crises in states like Greece, Ireland, Portugal, Spain and Italy, and the economic and political responses from other European states, most importantly Germany and France. Some background in either political economy or European politics is highly recommended.

PS 141: Shakespeare's Rome – Sullivan
(MW 3:00-4:15) Block 2
Exploration through Shakespeare's poetry of a central issue in political philosophy: the effect of the regime on the character of the individual. The course will study Shakespeare's Rape of Lucrece, Coriolanus, Julius Caesar, and Antony and Cleopatra in light of his classical sources such as the histories of Livy and Plutarch in order to consider whether Shakespeare arrives at his own judgment of the Roman republic.

PS 144: The Meaning of America – Rasmussen
(TR 12:00-1:15) Block F+
Examination of American political thought, concentrating on the founding debate, the development of Lincoln's thought and the Civil War, and Alexis de Tocqueville's Democracy in America. Topics include the Puritan origins of America, the meaning and relationship of our founding documents, the challenges posed by the Anti-Federalists, the defense of the large republic in The Federalist, the role of religion in American life, the problems presented by slavery, the proper role of a democratic statesman, and Tocqueville's hopes and worries about liberal democratic society and government (especially its American variant).

PS 148: Seminar: Political Thought of Montesquieu – Sullivan
(W 9:00-11:30) Block 2
Examination of Montesquieu's political thought through his comparative analysis of political regimes in his major work, Spirit of Laws. Topics include the principles that guide tyranny, monarchy, and republican government, the principle of separation of powers, the meaning of political liberty, the impact of commerce on political life, the relation of mores to laws, and the character of Montesquieu's liberalism. His other works, The Persian Letters or Considerations on the Greatness of the Romans and Their Decline, will also be considered. Please see departmental website for specific details.

PS 159-03: Seminar: The Political Theory of David Hume and Adam Smith – Rasmussen
(W 6:30-9:00) Block 12
Examination of two leading figures of the Scottish Enlightenment who happened to be best friends: David Hume, who is widely considered the greatest philosopher ever to write in the English language, and Adam Smith, who is almost certainly history's most famous theorist of commercial society. Analysis and comparison of their views of reason, morality, politics, commerce, religion, and the good life. Readings focus on Hume's Enquiries and Essays and Smith's Theory of Moral Sentiments and Wealth of Nations.

PS 159-04 Seminar: Plato's Republic – Evrigenis
(T 6:30-9:00) Block 11
A close reading of Plato's Republic, a book that transformed philosophy in general and political thought in particular. We will examine Plato's theories of justice and knowledge, focusing especially on the origin and nature of political communities, and the relationship between the individual and the state.

PS 165: U.S. Foreign Policy – Greenhill
(MW 1:30-2:45) Block G+
This course provides a survey of the content and formulation of US foreign policy with an emphasis on the period after World War II. Using a variety of illustrative case studies, we will explore competing theories and evaluate the sources of US foreign policy, including the international system, societal factors, government processes, group dynamics and individual decision makers. The course will conclude with an examination of the challenges and opportunities that face US decision makers in building a new approach to foreign policy and coping with the post-September 11th context.

PS 172: U.S. Foreign Policy in the Middle East – Corbin
(TR 3:00-4:15) Block J+
In the past decade, the United States has been more involved in the Middle East than ever in its history. This course will examine the evolution and pursuit of U.S. interests in the Middle East in the context of conflicting regional nationalisms, sub-regional poles of power, competition with the Soviet Union, the Islamist revival, and the post-9/11 era. Throughout the semester, the course will trace the historical backdrop of foreign intervention in the region from the 19th century to the present day. Starting with the "Near East Question" of the 19th century, the course will move through the European mandate system after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, and trace the rise of U.S. policy in the region after WWII. This course will draw upon readings, lecture, class discussion, and crisis simulation to foster an understanding of the history of U.S. policy in the region and help students develop an analytic framework for understanding current policy debates.

PS 188-03 Gender Issues in World Politics – Eichenberg
(MW 10:30-11:45) Block E+
This course is a survey of many issues relating to gender in world politics, with a particular emphasis on: gender differences in political attitudes and behavior generally; gender differences in attitudes toward war and national security in particular; the cross-cultural uniformity (or lack thereof) in gender differences in attitudes and political behavior, particularly in relation to national security and war; the role of gender differences in war, in particular how gender roles are created and the effect of war on men and women; violence against women; and the role of gender in world affairs more generally and specifically the role of gender in economic development, environmental sustainability and gender mainstreaming within international institutions.
Prerequisite(s): PS 61 recommended

PS 188-06 Global Environmental Policy – Gleason
(TR 3:00-4:15) Block J+
This course seeks to highlight effective responses to global environmental problems in the international treaty making arena. Students will explore the negotiation process, the structure of the United Nations treaty making system, the convention-protocol approach and the politics of the north v. south divide. Topics will include the weaknesses of the international environmental negotiation process, the importance of non-state actors, and potential solutions for the system.

PS 188-25 Human Rights and Democracy Promotion Abroad from Woodrow Wilson to Barack Obama – Smith
(TR 3:00-4:15) Block J+
From the presidency of Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921) to that of Barack Obama, liberal internationalism has often been the framework adopted for the conduct of American foreign policy. Liberal internationalism stresses democracy promotion, the creation of an open and integrated world economy, and multilateralism to settle conflicts as the way best to provide for American national security. The invasion of Iraq in March 2003 was in good measure justified in terms of bringing the Middle East into such a system. Where did this thinking come from, how has it evolved over time, and what is its future likely to be in the hands of the new administration in Washington?

PS 189-03 Seminar: International Relations of East Asia – Fujihira
(M 6:30-9:00) Block 10
Examination of the strategic, economic, and diplomatic relations among states in the Asia-Pacific region. Topics include: Legacies of imperialism and the Pacific War, Cold War in Asia, U.S.-Japan alliance, China's rise, the Taiwan Strait, divided Korea, security in Southeast Asia, globalization and regionalism, economic and security institutions, America's war on terrorism in Asia, and India in the Asia-Pacific region.

PS 189-04 Seminar: World Wars and the Nation State – Taliaferro
(T 1:30-4:00) Block 6
This research seminar examines the grand strategies of the five great powers the United States, Britain, France, Germany, the Soviet Union, and Japan during the World War I, the Twenty Years' Crisis (1919-39), and World War II. We will explore the causes of the world wars and the determinants of wartime and peacetime strategies from variety of historical interpretations and international relations theories, such as neoclassical realism, structural realism, strategic culture/constructivism, and dynamic differentials theory. Topics discussed include: debates on the origins and responsibility for World War I; the 1919 peace settlement and the League of Nations; the cause and character of German and Japanese expansion in the 1930s; role of ideology, nationalism, and domestic mobilization for warfare in liberal democracies versus totalitarian or authoritarian regimes; Anglo-French debates over preventive war and appeasement of Germany in 1930s; the crisis between the United States and Japan in 1940-41 and the U.S. entry into the war; the origins of strategies of civilian victimization and genocide; and debates over war aims and war termination.

PS 189-05 Sem: Turkish Foreign Policy – Mufti
(T 9:00-11:30) Block 1
This seminar studies the determinants, mechanisms, and main elements of Turkish foreign policy. It combines three main elements: an investigation of the relationship between domestic political dynamics - particularly competing conceptions of Turkish identity - and foreign policy; a chronological survey of Turkish diplomatic history; and in-depth analyses of Turkey's relations with its primary interlocutors on the regional and global levels.

PS 189-06 Senior Seminar: The Origins of Human Rights and Democracy Promotion in American Foreign Policy – Smith
(W 1:20-4:20) Block 7+
On the eve of America entering World War I, President Woodrow Wilson famously asserted that "the world must be made safe for democracy." Wilson's central meaning was that the leading countries of the world needed to be democracies; only then could world peace be achieved and American national security be guaranteed. Brief reference will be made to the evolution of "Wilsonianism" and "liberal internationalism" since Wilson's time (including the invasion of Iraq in 2003 and the reaction in the U.S. to the "Arab Awakening" of 2011), but the focus of the course is on the origins of American democracy promotion in concepts formulated by Wilson between 1885 and 1923.

PS 189-07 Seminar: Better Than the Truth: Fabricated and False Facts in International Politics – Greenhill
(W 6:30-9:00) Block 12
This seminar examines the sources, manipulation and consequences of unverifiable information in international relations and foreign and defense policy, in modern world history. The use and abuse of various organizations and techniques for influencing domestic and foreign audiences will be examined through the use of case studies and analyzed in terms of both theory and practice. Specific sources of fabricated facts include: rumors, conspiracy theories, literature, and propaganda.
Prerequisite: PS 61; Senior standing

PS 194 Politics of Environmental Policy in U.S. – Portney
(TR 1:30-2:45) Block H+
Examines the recent history and contemporary political debates surrounding governmental decisions affecting the environment. Environmental policy making in the general context of U.S. policy-making processes and institutions, emphasizing the roles of federal, state, and local actors, including the president, executive and regulatory agencies (especially the Environmental Protection Agency), the legislature, and the courts, as well as their state and local counterparts, in defining environmental policy. Addresses such issues as policies toward air pollution, water pollution, hazardous waste management, environmental justice, sustainability, and public opinion toward the environment.

PS 198 Seminar: Senior Honors Thesis (M) – Eichenberg
(R 1:30-4:00) Block 8
Co-Listed as INTR 197-01
This course explores the theoretical, empirical, normative, and methodological problems involved in conducting political science research. It will also provide a forum for discussing students' draft thesis chapters.

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