Fall 2013 Course Descriptions

(M) = Methodologically focused course

PS 004-01 First Year Tutorial: Plato's Republic – Evrigenis
(T 9:00–11:30) Block 1
A close reading of Plato's Republic, a book that transformed philosophy in general and political thought in particular. We will examine Plato's theories of justice and knowledge, focusing especially on the origin and nature of political communities, and the relationship between the individual and the state.

PS 004-02 First Year Tutorial: Capitalism, For and Against – Rasmussen
(MW 1:30–2:45) Block G+
Are capitalist societies just or are they full of inequality and exploitation? Do they give people freedom or oppress them in one way or another? Do they encourage virtue or vice, excellence or mediocrity, happiness or misery? Are there other types of society that would be preferable? What might be done to improve capitalist societies? We will address these questions through an examination of some of the seminal philosophical discussions of commerce, private property, and economic inequality. After a brief examination of some important early critics and defenders of commerce, the course will focus on the works of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Adam Smith, Karl Marx, Friedrich Hayek, John Rawls, and Robert Nozick.

PS 011 Introduction to American Politics – Glaser
(MWF 10:30–11:20) Block E
A study of governmental politics, functions, and programs. Emphasis given to political behavior, both at the mass level and in institutions. Survey of public opinion and political culture, parties, and elections. Congress, the presidency, the bureaucracy, the federal courts, and interest groups.

PS 015 Sophomore Seminar: Politics in the City (M) – Berry
(M 9:30–11:30) Block 0
Three major problems in urban politics: the political economy of cities, especially issues involving community economic development; race and the city, emphasizing the problems facing the poorest residents of the inner city; and political empowerment, including analysis of neighborhood government. A methodologically focused course.
Prerequisites: Sophomore standing only

PS 021 Introduction to Comparative Politics – Art
(TR 12:00–1:15) Block F+
Theories and evidence in comparative politics, preparing students for upper-level courses that focus on specific regions, countries, and themes. Examination and evaluation of competing theoretical approaches to important phenomena in world politics, including democracy and democratization; revolutions; economic development; and ethnicity and ethnic conflict. Discussion of illustrative examples from different regions such as Western Europe, Eastern Europe and Russia, East Asia, South Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and Latin America.

PS 041 Western Political Thought I – Sullivan
(TR 10:30–11:45) Block D+
Cross-listed as Phil 41 & CLS 45
Central concepts of ancient, medieval, and early modern political thought. Ideas of Thucydides, Aristophanes, Plato, and Aristotle during the rise and fall of Athens. Subsequent transformations of political philosophy, related to the decline of the Roman empire and the origins and development of Christian political doctrine, and the new political outlook of those who challenge the hegemony of Christianity. Analysis of how pre-modern political thought helped structure future political debate.

PS 061 Introduction to International Relations – Taliaferro
(TR 1:30–2:45) Block H+
Examination of several conceptual designs intended to make order out of the essential anarchy in international relations, from a theoretical assessment of the nation-state and the nature of national power to an exploration of behavior among nation-states, including the ultimate problem of war and peace and an appraisal of the factors that give an age its particular characteristics.

PS 099-01 Fieldwork in Politics – Gleason
Internship placements with such employers as legislators, campaigns, news media, lobbies, law firms, and administrative agencies. Twelve to fifteen hours of work per week. Written assignments, with supporting readings, on organizational structure, goals and strategies, and occupational socialization.

PS 100 Seminar: Politics of Immigration Policy in the United States – Masuoka
(M 6:30–9:00) Block 10
The U.S. is in the midst of the most significant influx of immigrants in its history. More than one in ten Americans is foreign born, and together with their children make up almost a quarter of the U.S. population. How will these newcomers impact the form and function of American democracy? This course will address the question: what are the political causes and consequences of immigration policy on American politics? We will review the history of immigration policy in the U.S., identify the processes of immigrant political incorporation as well as consider competing perspectives on contemporary topics such as undocumented immigration.

PS 101 Presidency and the Executive Branch – Berry
(MW 1:30–2:45) Block G+
Study of the constitutional development of the presidential office, its power, prestige, and functions, as well as the influences of the person occupying that office. Major emphasis is on the process of policy formulation in the executive branch. Analysis of the president's relations with his staff, the bureaucracy, the Congress, the press, and the public.
Prerequisite: Sophomore Standing

PS 103-01 Political Science Research Methods (M) – Schildkraut
(TR 10:30–11:45) Block D+
This course introduces the use of quantitative methods for investigating political issues such as campaigns and elections, the death penalty, public opinion about war and terrorism, and other policy controversies. Students will develop research designs and learn how to collect, analyze, and present data. The course emphasizes hands-on training that will provide useful skills for academic and professional settings. Most readings and assignments emphasize politics in the United States, though the skills we will develop are useful for every aspect of political science.
Prerequisite: Foundational PS Course

PS 106 Racial and Ethnic Politics in the United States – Masuoka
(MW 3:00–4:15) Block I+
This course investigates the contemporary politics of race in the United States. This course will review detailed political histories of the three largest racial minority groups--African Americans, Asian Americans and Latinos--and will investigate concerns related to political representation, voter mobilization and public opinion of these groups. Topics covered in the course will also include relevant legal and public policies such as the Voting Rights Act. Attention will also be given to new developments of the 21st century such as the rise of mixed race identities and controveries related to immigration.

PS 108 Public Opinion & U.S. Democracy (M) – Schildkraut
(TR 3:00–4:15) Block J+
Addresses the impact of public opinion in the United States on the political process and vice versa. Emphasis is on the linkage between American citizens and the democratic process. Examines what public opinion is and debates about how it can be measured. Topics include the nature of attitude formation, stability and change; the role of the media in opinion-formation; the link between attitudes and behavior; group differences in opinions; how elites influence mass opinions; political inequality; polarization; and the relationship between public opinion and policy outcomes.
Prerequisite: Any PS foundation course (PS11, 21, 41, 42, or 61).

PS 121 Seminar: Political Culture in Comparative Perspective – Cruz
(T 6:30–9:00) Block 11
How cultural meanings and practices shape political struggles and institutions. Survey of culturalist theories of political dynamics and structures, and assessment of theories against a range of empirical case studies from Asia, the Middle East, Western Europe, Latin America, and the United States.

PS 122 Soviet, Russian, and Post-Soviet Politics – Shevel
(TR 10:30–11:45) Block D+
Analysis of domestic political, economic, and social development of the Soviet Union and its successor states. Approximately one third of the course is devoted to an overview of political, economic, and social structures that defined Soviet Communism. The remaining two-thirds of the course considers the divergent paths taken by the fifteen successor states of the Soviet Union after 1991. The course applies social scientific theories while examining developments such as state collapse and state formation, political and institutional changes, the politics of economic reform, the challenges of nationalism within the multinational state, electoral revolutions, and other topics.
Prerequisite: PS21 or consent

PS 126 Chinese Politics – Remick
(TR 1:30–2:45) Block H+
Survey of the domestic politics of the People's Republic of China. The development of Communist Party power through the political campaigns of the 1950s and 1960s. The political, cultural, economic, and social challenges faced by post-Mao reformers.

PS 127 Latin American Politics – Cruz
(MW 4:30–5:45) Block K+
This course is intended to deepen our understanding of Latin America and of politics. To that end, we will be concerned with both the political dynamics of Latin America and with significant debates in political science. This course will familiarize students with the rich histories of several Latin American countries and engage social scientific theorizing of such processes as imperialism, colonialism, revolution, regime change, identity politics, and issues in political economy.

PS 129 African Politics – Robinson
(MW 1:30–2:45) Block G+
Analysis of political developments in contemporary Africa, with emphasis on the interaction between politics and culture. Relates Africa's historical, economic, social, and gender dynamics to general theories of politics and governance.
Prerequisite: Sophomore Standing

PS 135 Comparative Revolutions (M) – Remick
(TR 10:30–11: 45) Block D+
The causes, processes, and outcomes of revolution. Student development of a theory of revolution's causes through comparative examination of revolutions in France, Russia, China, and Iran. Discussion of whether the causes of revolution have changed in the late twentieth century.
Prerequisite: Sophomore Standing. This course is methodologically focused.

PS 138-08 Topics in Comparative Politics: Conflict & Natural Resources – Minott
(TR 3:00–4:15) Block J+
This course examines the role of natural resource endowments and scarcity in national and international conflicts. Students will explore not only conflict theory but also technical aspects of global environmental change and civil conflict. The course begins with a study of the various causes of conflict at the state, society and individual levels such as structural violence, politics, religion and humiliation. We then explore how constraints on natural resources such as water and fertile soil increase the likelihood of environmentally related violence as compared to other causes of conflict. Finally, the class will explore potential conflict resolution approaches as they relate to resource scarcity and environmental change. Case studies include the Sudan Conflict, Somalia's Pirate Conflicts, and Ache Indonesia's struggle with violence.

PS 138-13 Topics in Comparative Politics: A World View of Race – Robinson
(R 1:20–4:20) Block 8+
Key concepts of race, power, and interest representation are examined through an introduction to classic texts that illuminate struggles for Back liberation and self-determination across the globe. Particular attention is given to goals, strategies, and the political choices made. The role of the expressive arts receives special treatment. In fall semester 2013, classes will meet in the Tufts University Art gallery, amidst an exhibition of sculpture, installation and photography by Boston-based, Afro-Cuban artist Maria Magdalena Campos-Pons. Cross-Listed with Africana Studies: AFR 91-01.

PS 139-02 Seminar: States, Nations, & the Politics of Citizenship Rules – Shevel
(T 1:30–4:00) Block 6
How do states decide who has the right to citizenship? For modern nation-states, defining the boundaries of the nation in whose name the state is constituted has always been a critically important task. For today's states hosting large numbers of immigrants and minorities, this question remains highly salient, and often politically contested. In this course we will examine the politics of citizenship policymaking in modern states, paying particular attention to alternative theoretical explanation. Are citizenship rules determined primarily by material considerations, such as economic, demographic, and security concerns? Or perhaps by ideational considerations, such as prevailing images of the nation and normative ideals? Do international norms and standards constrain and inform citizenship policymakers today? Is citizenship politics and policies fundamentally different in democratic and authoritarian states? In this course we will focus on such questions and analyze contemporary and historical citizenship policies in various countries in the world, paying particular attention to Western and Eastern Europe as well as North America.

PS 139-05 Seminar: War and Political Change in Europe – Art
(M 1:20–4:20) Block 5+
Examination of the mechanisms through which international wars have influenced domestic politics in European states. Topics include the expansion of voting rights and the establishment of parliamentary government during and immediately after WWI, the link between defeat in WWI and the collapse of democracy, and the rise of the modern welfare state during WWII. Students will read both primary source documents and theoretical statements on the relationship between war and regime change.

PS 144: The Meaning of America – Rasmussen
(MW 3:00–4:15) Block F+
Examination of American political thought, concentrating on the founding debate, the development of Lincoln's thought and the Civil War, and Alexis de Tocqueville's Democracy in America. Topics include the Puritan origins of America, the meaning and relationship of our founding documents, the challenges posed by the Anti-Federalists, the defense of the large republic in The Federalist, the role of religion in American life, the problems presented by slavery, the proper role of a democratic statesman, and Tocqueville's hopes and worries about liberal democratic society and government (especially its American variant).

PS 155 The Social Contract – Evrigenis
(TR 4:30–5:45) Block L+
Examination of the social contract in political thought, focusing on Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau, as well as their sources of inspiration, emulators, and critics, in order to understand this influential approach to the question of political obligation. Consideration of arguments regarding the source of political authority, the origins, nature, and limits of the state, the concepts of sovereignty and the state of nature, as well as the relationship between individual and collective rights.

PS 172 U.S. Foreign Policy in the Middle East – Russell
(MW 3:00–4:15) Block I+
The evolution of American foreign policy toward the Middle East since World War II. Basic American interests in the region, and how the U.S. has pursued those interests in connection with issues such as conflicting nationalisms (including the Arab-Israeli conflict), the role of Turkey and Iran in the regional balance of power, and the Islamist revival. Implications of the Soviet Union's collapse for future American policy in the Middle East.
Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or permission of instructor.

PS 188-03 Topics in IR: Gender Issues in World Politics – Eichenberg
(MW 10:30–11:45) Block E+
This course is a survey of many issues relating to gender in world politics, with a particular emphasis on: gender differences in political attitudes and behavior generally; gender differences in attitudes toward war and national security in particular; the cross-cultural uniformity (or lack thereof) in gender differences in attitudes and political behavior, particularly in relation to national security and war; the role of gender differences in war, in particular how gender roles are created and the effect of war on men and women; violence against women; and the role of gender in world affairs more generally and specifically the role of gender in economic development, environmental sustainability and gender mainstreaming within international institutions.
Prerequisite(s): PS 61 recommended

PS 188-07 Topics in IR: The Utility of Force: The United States and the Changing Role of Force in International Politics – Russell
(TR 4:30–5:45) Block L+
The U.S. played a principal role in shaping the international system in the wake of World War II: It purposely sought to have multiple 'tools' available to shape an international system that advanced U.S. interests. In particular, the U.S. focused on having the most advanced military to meet the challenges of any direct confrontation, but it also sought to maintain security alliances (NATO in particular) to protect its interests abroad. The U.S. was also instrumental in the construction of the United Nations to promote international peace and security. All of these instruments of power face particular challenges in the 21st century. What are the causes of the failures of these institutions in modern day conflicts?

This course will examine the conflicts, threats, and actors that have shaped U.S. security policy in the 20th and 21st centuries. Though starting with U.S. efforts to shape the post-WWII international system, the course will focus principally on the post-Cold War era. Topics will include conventional and internal wars, armed groups, terrorism, peacekeeping operations, NATO, and WMD proliferation.

PS 188-11 Topics in IR: Political Foundation of Economic Prosperity – Drezner
(MW 1:30–2:45) Block G+
This course addresses one of the great mysteries in world history: why some countries began to experience mass prosperity at the start of the 19th century, why some countries caught up, and why other countries have fallen further behind. Topics include: myths about national prosperity; how political institutions undergird economic prosperity; varieties of entrepreneurship; how openness to the global economy affects national prosperity; financial crises; and technological, environmental, ideological, political and ethical challenges to global prosperity in the future.

PS 188-12 Topics in IR: Chinese Foreign Policy – Beckley
(TR 3:00–4:15) Block J+
China has the world's largest military and the second largest economy. Despite its impressive size and economic vitality, however, China remains a vulnerable nation surrounded by powerful rivals. This course examines the geo-strategic challenges facing China on four fronts: at home, with its immediate neighbors, in surrounding regional systems, and in the world beyond Asia.

PS 188-13 Topics in IR: US Foreign Policy toward Asia – Beckley
(TR 4:30–5:45) Block L+
In the coming decades, no region will be more important for U.S. foreign policy than Asia, which is home to sixty percent of the world's population, four major powers, and six U.S. allies. This course will introduce students to the major events and trends in America's involvement in this critical region from 1945 to the present.

PS 188-25 Topics in IR: Human Rts. & Democ. Abroad: Wilson to Obama – Smith
(TR 3:00–4:15) Block J+
From the presidency of Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921) to that of Barack Obama, liberal internationalism has often been the framework adopted for the conduct of American foreign policy. Liberal internationalism stresses democracy promotion, the creation of an open and integrated world economy, and multilateralism to settle conflicts as the way best to provide for American national security. The invasion of Iraq in March 2003 was in good measure justified in terms of bringing the Middle East into such a system. Where did this thinking come from, how has it evolved over time, and what is its future likely to be in the hands of the new administration in Washington?

PS 189-02 Seminar in IR: Global Environmental Politics – Tirrell
(W 9:00–11:30) Block 2
This course provides an introduction to international environmental concepts and policy challenges. Comparative politics concepts relating to governance, non-state actors, and domestic approaches to international law will be integrated with environmental issues. The course begins with a survey of significant environmental concepts such as sustainable development, environmental justice and the tragedy of the commons. The course will cover ecology and human systems; energy and resources; climate change; and environmental law and governance, all with a special emphasis on the political challenges associated with these issue areas. A number of case studies will be examined.

PS 189-03 Seminar in IR: International Relations of East Asia – Fujihira
(M 6:30–9:00) Block 10
Examination of the strategic, economic, and diplomatic relations among states in the Asia-Pacific region. Topics include: Legacies of imperialism and the Pacific War, Cold War in Asia, U.S.-Japan alliance, China's rise, the Taiwan Strait, divided Korea, security in Southeast Asia, globalization and regionalism, economic and security institutions, America's war on terrorism in Asia, and India in the Asia-Pacific region.

PS 189-04 Seminar in IR: World Wars and the Nation State – Taliaferro
(T 9:00–11:30) Block 1
This research seminar examines the grand strategies of the five great powers the United States, Britain, France, Germany, the Soviet Union, and Japan during the World War I, the Twenty Years' Crisis (1919-39), and World War II. We will explore the causes of the world wars and the determinants of wartime and peacetime strategies from variety of historical interpretations and international relations theories, such as neoclassical realism, structural realism, strategic culture/constructivism, and dynamic differentials theory. Topics discussed include: debates on the origins and responsibility for World War I; the 1919 peace settlement and the League of Nations; the cause and character of German and Japanese expansion in the 1930s; role of ideology, nationalism, and domestic mobilization for warfare in liberal democracies versus totalitarian or authoritarian regimes; Anglo-French debates over preventive war and appeasement of Germany in 1930s; the crisis between the United States and Japan in 1940-41 and the U.S. entry into the war; the origins of strategies of civilian victimization and genocide; and debates over war aims and war termination.

PS 189-05 Seminar in IR: Turkish Foreign Policy – Mufti
(W 9:00–11:30) Block 2
This seminar studies the determinants, mechanisms, and main elements of Turkish foreign policy. It combines three main elements: an investigation of the relationship between domestic political dynamics - particularly competing conceptions of Turkish identity - and foreign policy; a chronological survey of Turkish diplomatic history; and in-depth analyses of Turkey's relations with its primary interlocutors on the regional and global levels.

PS 189-06 Seminar in IR: Origins of Human Rights and Democracy Promotion in American Foreign Policy – Smith
(W 1:20–4:20) Block 7+
On the eve of America entering World War I, President Woodrow Wilson famously asserted that "the world must be made safe for democracy." Wilson's central meaning was that the leading countries of the world needed to be democracies; only then could world peace be achieved and American national security be guaranteed. Brief reference will be made to the evolution of "Wilsonianism" and "liberal internationalism" since Wilson's time (including the invasion of Iraq in 2003 and the reaction in the U.S. to the "Arab Awakening" of 2011), but the focus of the course is on the origins of American democracy promotion in concepts formulated by Wilson between 1885 and 1923.

PS 189-08 Seminar in IR: History of Financial Turbulence and Crisis – Psalidopoulos
(W 1:30–4:00) Block 7
This course uses the analytical tools of economic history, the history of economic policy-making and the history of economic thought, to study episodes of financial turbulence and crisis spanning the last three centuries. It explores the principal causes of a variety of different manias, panics and crises, as well as their consequences, and focuses on the reactions of economic actors, theorists and policy-makers in each case. Emphasis is placed on the theoretical framework used by contemporary economists to conceptualize each crisis, as well as the changes in theoretical perspective and/or policy framework that may have been precipitated by the experience of the crises themselves.

PS 194-01 Politics of Environmental Policy in the U.S. – Portney
(TR 4:30–5:45) Block L+
Examines the recent history and contemporary political debates surrounding governmental decisions affecting the environment. Environmental policy making in the general context of U.S. policy-making processes and institutions, emphasizing the roles of federal, state, and local actors, including the president, executive and regulatory agencies (especially the Environmental Protection Agency), the legislature, and the courts, as well as their state and local counterparts, in defining environmental policy. Addresses such issues as policies toward air pollution, water pollution, hazardous waste management, environmental justice, sustainability, and public opinion toward the environment.

PS 198 Senior Honors Thesis (M) – Eichenberg
(W 1:30–4:00) Block 7
Cross-Listed as INTR 197-01
This course explores the theoretical, empirical, normative, and methodological problems involved in conducting political science research. It will also provide a forum for discussing students' draft thesis chapters.

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