Representative Research Publications

Cooley, E., Hester, N., Cipolli, W., Rivera, L. I., Abrams, K., Pagan, J., Sommers, S. R., & Payne, B. K. (2019). Racial biases in officers' decisions to frisk are amplified for Black people stopped among groups leading to similar biases in searches, arrests, and use of force. Social Psychological and Personality ScienceDOI 

Gaither, S. E., Babbitt, L. G., & Sommers, S. R. (2018). Resolving racial ambiguity in social interactions. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 76, 259-269. DOI 

Howard, S. & Sommers, S.R. (2018). White religious iconography increases anti-Black attitudes. Psychology of Religion and SpiritualityDOI
Gaither, S. E., Apfelbaum, E. A., Birnbaum, H. J., Babbitt, L. G., & Sommers, S. R. (2017). Mere membership in racially diverse groups reduces conformity. Social Psychological and Personality ScienceDOI 

Howard, S., & Sommers, S. R. (2017). Exposure to White religious iconography influences Black individuals' intragroup and intergroup attitudes. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 23, 508-515. DOI 

Maddox, K. B., & Sommers, S. R. (2016). Implicit bias in daily perceptions and legal judgments. University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform, 50, 723-736.

Richeson, J. A., & Sommers, S. R. (2016). Toward a social psychology of race and race relations for the 21st Century. Annual Review of Psychology, 67, 439-463. DOI 

Gaither, S. E., Remedios, J. D., Sanchez, D. T., & Sommers, S. R. (2015). Thinking outside the box: Multiple identity mindsets affect creative problem solving. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 6, 596-603. DOI 

Sommers, S. R., & Marotta, S. A. (2014). Racial disparities in legal outcomes: On policing, charging decisions, and criminal trial proceedings. Policy Insights from Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 1, 103-111. DOI 

Gaither, S. E., & Sommers, S. R. (2013). Living with an other-race roommate shapes Whites' behavior in subsequent diverse settings. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49, 272-276. DOI 

Apfelbaum, E. P., Norton, M. I., & Sommers, S. R. (2012). Racial colorblindness: Emergence, practice, and implications. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 21, 203-209. DOI

Toosi, N. R., Babbitt, L. G., Ambady, N., & Sommers, S. R. (2012). Dyadic interracial interactions: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 138, 1-27. DOI 

Babbitt, L. G., & Sommers, S. R. (2011). Framing matters: Contextual influences on interracial interaction. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37, 1233-1244. DOI

Norton, M. I., & Sommers, S. R. (2011). Whites see racism as a zero-sum game that they are now losing. Perspectives in Psychological Science, 6, 215-218. DOI

Apfelbaum, E. P., Pauker, K., Sommers, S. R., & Ambady, N. (2010). In blind pursuit of racial equality? Psychological Science, 21, 1587-1592. DOI

Apfelbaum, E. P., Sommers, S. R., & Norton, M. I. (2008). Seeing race and seeming racist? Evaluating strategic colorblindness in social interaction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 918-932. DOI

Sommers, S. R. (2008). Determinants and consequences of jury racial diversity: Empirical findings, implications, and directions for future research. Social Issues and Policy Review, 2, 65-102. DOI

Sommers, S. R., & Norton, M. I. (2008). Race and jury selection: Psychological perspectives on the peremptory challenge debate. American Psychologist, 63, 527-539. DOI

Sommers, S. R. (2006). On racial diversity and group decision-making: Identifying multiple effects of racial composition on jury deliberations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 90, 597-612. DOI

Sommers, S. R., & Ellsworth, P. C. (2001). White juror bias: An investigation of racial prejudice against Black defendants in the American courtroom. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 7, 201-229. DOI
View Trial Materials for this Study

Sommers, S. R., & Ellsworth, P. C. (2000). Race in the courtroom: Perceptions of guilt and dispositional attributions. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 26, 1367-1379. DOI
View Trial Materials for this Study 1 | View Trial Materials for Study 2

Kassin, S. M., & Sommers, S. R. (1997). Inadmissible testimony, instructions to disregard, and the jury: Substantive versus procedural considerations. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 23, 1046-1054. DOI