Research/Areas of Interest:

Medieval literature (including Dante and the Roman de la Rose)
Latin classics and the classical tradition
Biblical commentary
Gender issues in medieval literature


  • PhD, English, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, United States, 1972
  • MA, English, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, United States, 1967
  • AB, English, Dartmouth College, Hanover, United States, 1965


Born in Chicago. Taught at Tufts since 1971; at the Middlebury Bread Loaf School of English (summer) since 1995; on-site director, Bread Loaf, Lincoln College, Oxford (2001-2, 2005-6, 2009-10); Lecturer, 92nd Street Y, 2022 and 2023. Fellowships: Chancellor's Traveling Fellowship in English (1969-70); National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Stipend (1973); American Council of Learned Societies (1975-76); John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation (1982-83); ACLS Travel Grant (1984); Camargo Foundation, Cassis, France (fall 2002); Clare Hall, University of Cambridge (winter 2003); Bogliasco Foundation Fellowship, Liguria Study Center, Bogliasco, Italy (September-October 2008); Andrew M. Mellon Fellowship, Huntington Library, San Marino, CA (Spring 2009); Visiting Scholar, American Academy in Rome (winter and fall 2016, and winter 2023); Visiting Scholar, Bogliasco Foundation (May-June 2023)