PhD, University of Michigan–Ann Arbor, Ann Arbor, United States, 1989
MA, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, United States, 1980
BA, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, United States, 1978
I teach courses on Japanese history with a primary research interest in labor, class and gender in the Tokugawa period (1603-1868). I also work on the global history of Buddhism and premodern western contacts with it.