- Department of Biology
NOTE: In order to enroll in any of the following courses, students must already have a confirmed research position. Refer to Finding Research Guide for details on where to start looking for research opportunities.
Bio 93/94 (Introduction to Research)
This course is designed to provide the student with an introduction to biological research in the context of a research laboratory or field project. Students are expected to work at least ten hours per week on a project, in close collaboration with the project supervisor. He or she should begin to become familiar with the scientific literature by reading scientific papers and should develop an understanding of the basic conceptual context of the research.
At the end of the semester, the student is required to write a 5 to 10 page paper reporting his/her research results. The prerequisites for this course are permission of the research mentor and subsequent course coordinator. This class does not satisfy the requirement for the laboratory or course requirements for the biology major, but is counted toward the degree. Pass/fail credit.
Course Coordinator: Dr. Lauren Crowe
Bio 193/194 (Independent Research)
Biology 193/194, Independent Research, is designed to provide students with an intensive experience in laboratory or field research. It is normally taken after a student has had some prior research experience (e.g. Bio 93/94). The student is expected to devote at least 15 hours per week to laboratory work, although often more time is necessary. Participants should take an active role in the design and execution of experiments and in the analysis and interpretation of data. They should be capable of "independent research" in the sense that they can conduct the experiments with little direct supervision. Students are expected to become familiar with related research in the current literature by regularly reading scientific journals.
At the end of the semester, the student is required to write a detailed report (8 to 15 pages) following the style of a scientific manuscript, and to give an oral presentation on the results to a committee composed of four faculty members of the Biology Department and the research mentor. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing , Bio 93 or 94 or equivalent and prior consent of research mentor and course coordinator.
Course Coordinator: Dr. Lauren Crowe
Frequently Asked Questions for Bio 93/94/193/194
Bio 93 and 193 are offered in the fall. Bio 94 and 194 are offered in the spring.
(including research group meetings, primary literature reading, data collection and analysis, and other in-lab time; does not include travel)
Bio 93/94: 10 hours/week (or ~150 hours)
Bio 193/194: 15 hours/week (or ~225 hours)
SHUs and grading
Bio 93/94: 2, pass/fail
Bio 193/194: 3, graded
Bio 93/94: Does not count towards Biology major due to SHU limit and P/F grading
Bio 193/194: Counts as an advanced lab or an elective
Level of Experience
Bio 93/94: Student may be new to research or techniques. May work closer with a research mentor to learn experimental design, data collection, data analysis, and primary literature analysis.
Bio 193/194: Student has experience with selected field of research and techniques. May work alongside a research mentor but ultimately takes more ownership over experimental design, data collection, data analysis, and primary literature reading. Must have completed Bio 93/94 or equivalent amount of research experience in a related field.
Bio 93/94: 5-10 page scientific paper on research findings and significance, due last day of finals
Bio 193/194: 8-15 page scientific paper on research findings and significance due one week before end of semester; 15 minute oral presentation to a small committee of Biology faculty and postdoctoral scholars (usually scheduled over reading period)
Students are responsible for finding their own research positions. Check out our Finding Research Guide.
Yes! Students have participated in engaging research on the Boston Campus, other academic and medical institutions (such as the Broad Institute and Mass General Hospital), and biotechnology/pharmaceutical companies in the area. If you are working with a research group outside of the Tufts Biology Department, you should ensure that you have permission to share your research findings in writing (and orally, if you are in Bio 193/194) with academics in the Biology department.
- Students may get credit for doing research related to Biology – this may range from molecular biology to ecology field work to computational biology.
- Students may NOT get credit for research that associated with a clinical trial – in these cases, the experimental design has already been approved and students are acting more as research technicians rather than having more independence in the process. Translational research that uses clinical specimens may be approved.
- Students may NOT get credit for any research for which they are being paid.
- Once you find a research mentor, you should discuss with them some of the lab’s current or planned research projects. Your research mentor may assign you scientific papers to read for more background. Based on your schedule and your interests, you will likely work together to determine possible research questions.
- You may enroll in the research for credit course on SIS. At the beginning of the semester, you will be added to a Canvas site for the course and be asked to fill out a virtual information form to describe your project and proposed schedule. The form will be automatically sent to your mentor for confirmation.
You may do research for credit over the summer; however, you should enroll in Bio 93 or 193 in the fall semester immediately following, and you will write your paper/present your findings at the end of the fall semester. You should ensure that your research mentor is willing to continue mentoring you through your writing process and that you contributed sufficient time to your research to count towards that course level (see table above).
You may register for Bio 193/194 if you have enough research experience in the proposed field to be able to work relatively independently. We encourage students to continue past Bio 93/94 with the same research group to build upon research skills, but you may be approved for Bio 193/194 if your prior research experience is a close enough match. For example, you could do Bio 93 in a microbiology lab working on one type of fungus and continue to Bio 194 in a different microbiology lab working on fungi using similar techniques. However, if you do Bio 93 in a microbiology lab, you will not be able to continue to Bio 194 in an ecology lab. You will instead be encouraged to take Bio 94 to undergo more mentoring in the new field instead.
Yes. Since Master’s students may not enroll in Bio 93/94, a plan should be developed to ensure progressive mentoring to a more independent research experience. Preferably, students should shadow a member of the research group and attend some research group meetings in the semester before their intended enrollment in Bio 193/194 to learn about data collection and analysis methods as well as becoming familiar with primary literature analysis.
Bio 199 (Senior Thesis Honors)
The honors thesis involves intensive laboratory or field research and includes independent design and analysis of experiments and a detailed understanding of the project background and current literature. A written thesis and oral defense is presented in the spring semester of the senior year. Application to do a senior honors thesis is normally made during the student's sixth semester. Applicants should have received at least three grades of A toward satisfying the concentration requirements for the biology major and should have a cumulative average of at least 3.30. Prerequisites: Biology 193 or 194 or equivalent and prior consent of the course coordinator.
Bio 199 information and registration forms can be obtained from the course coordinator.
Course Coordinator: Bio 199 Dr. Kate Mirkin
Research for Success: Using the Library for Thesis and Capstone Projects.