The Yin and Yang of Breast Cancer: Ion Channels as Determinants of Left-Right Functional Differences
Masuelli, S., Real, S., McMillen, P., Oudin, M., Levin, M., and Roqué, M. (2023)
International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 24(13): 11121

When left does not seem right: epigenetic and bioelectric differences between left- and right-sided breast cancer
Masuelli, S., Sebastian, R., Campoy, E., Branham, M. T., Marzese, D. M., Matthew, S., DeBlas, G., Rodolfo, A., Levin, M., and Roque, M. (2022)
Molecular Medicine, 28(1): 15

Avian models and the study of invariant asymmetry: how the chicken and the egg taught us to tell right from left
Monsoro-Burq, A.H., and Levin, M. (2018)
International Journal of Developmental Biology, 62(1-3): 63-77

HCN4 Ion Channel Function is Required for Early Events that Regulate Anatomical Left-Right Patterning in a Nodal- and Lefty Asymmetric gene Expression-Independent Manner
Pai, V. P., Willocq, V., Pitcairn, E. J., Lemire, J. M., Paré, J-F., Shi, N-Q., McLaughlin, K. A., and Levin, M. (2017)
Biology Open, 6(10): 1445-1457

Reversals of bodies, brains, and behavior: quantitative analysis of laterality and its disturbance in model species
Blackiston, D. J., and Levin, M. (2017)
in L. J. Rogers and G. Vallortigara (Eds.), Lateralized Brain Functions: Methods in Human and Non-human Species, "Neuromethods", W. Walz (Ed.), 122: 667-694

Introduction to provocative questions in Left-Right asymmetry
Levin, M., Klar, A. J. S., and Ramsdell, A. (2016)
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 371(1710): 20150399

From cytoskeletal dynamics to organ asymmetry: a nonlinear, regulative pathway underlies left-right patterning
McDowell, G., Rajadurai, S., and Levin, M. (2016)
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 371(1710): 20150409

Formin Is Associated with Left-Right Asymmetry in the Pond Snail and the Frog
Davison, A., McDowell, G. S., Holden, J. M., Johnson, H. F., Koutsovoulos, G. D., Liu, M. M., Hulpiau, P., Van Roy, F., Wade, C. W., Banerjee, R., Yang, F., Chiba, S., Davey, J. W., Jackson, D. J., Levin, M., and Blaxter, M. L. (2016)
Current Biology, 26(5): 654-660

Conserved roles for cytoskeletal components in determining laterality
McDowell, G. S., Lemire, J. M., Paré, J-F., Cammarata, G., Lowery, L. A., and Levin, M. (2016)
Integrative Biology, 8(3): 267-286

On chirality of slime mould
Dimonte, A., Adamatzky, A., Erokhin, V., and Levin, M. (2016)
BioSystems, 140: 23-27

Left-right patterning in Xenopus conjoined twin embryos requires serotonin signaling and gap junctions
Vandenberg, L. N., Blackiston, D. J., Rea, A. C., Dore, T. M., and Levin, M. (2014)
International Journal of Developmental Biology, 58(10-12): 799-809

It's Never Too Early to Get It Right: A Conserved Role for the Cytoskeleton in Left-Right Asymmetry
Vandenberg, L. N., Lemire, J. M, and Levin, M. (2013)
Communicative & Integrative Biology, 6(6): e27155

Inversion of left-right asymmetry alters performance of Xenopus tadpoles in nonlateralized cognitive tasks
Blackiston, D. J., and Levin, M. (2013)
Animal Behaviour, 86(2): 459-466

A unified model for left-right asymmetry? Comparison and synthesis of molecular models of laterality
Vandenberg, L. N., and Levin, M. (2013)
Developmental Biology, 379(1): 1-15 

Rab GTPases are required for early orientation of the left-right axis in Xenopus
Vandenberg, L. N., Morrie, R. D., Seebohm, G., Lemire, J. M., and Levin, M. (2013)
Mechanisms of Development, 130(4-5): 254-271

Serotonin has early, cilia-independent roles in Xenopus left-right patterning
Vandenberg, L. N., Lemire, J. M., and Levin, M. (2013)
Disease Models and Mechanisms, 6(1): 261-268

Neurally derived tissues in Xenopus laevis embryos exhibit a consistent bioelectrical left-right asymmetry
Pai, V. P., Vandenberg, L. N., Blackiston, D. J., and Levin, M. (2012)
Stem Cells International, 2012: 353491

Early nonciliary role for microtubule proteins in left–right patterning is conserved across kingdoms
Lobikin, M., Wang, G., Xu, J.-S., Hsieh, Y.-W., Chuang, C.-F., Lemire, J. M., and Levin, M. (2012)
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States, 109(31): 12586-12591

Polarity proteins are required for left-right axis orientation and twin-twin instruction
Vandenberg, L. N., and Levin, M. (2012)
Genesis, 50(3): 219-234

Histone deacetylase activity is necessary for left-right patterning during vertebrate development
Carneiro, K., Donnet, C., Rejtar, T., Karger, B. L., Díaz, E., Kortagere, S., Lemire, J. M., and Levin, M. (2011)
BMC Developmental Biology, 11: 29

Low-frequency vibrations disrupt left-right patterning in the Xenopus embryo
Vandenberg, L. N., Pennarola, B. W., and Levin, M. (2011)
PLoS One, 6(8): e23306

Left-Right Asymmetry in Embryonic Development: How epigenetic, biophysical forces and gene activity interplay to determine a major embryonic axis
Levin, M. (2011)
in Topical Talks: The Biomedical & Life Sciences Collection, Henry Stewart Talks Ltd, London.

Consistent left-right asymmetry cannot be Established by late organizers in Xenopus unless the late organizer is a conjoined twin
Vandenberg, L. N., and Levin, M. (2010)
Development, 137(7): 1095-1105

The ATP-sensitive K+-channel (KATP) controls early left-right patterning in Xenopus and chick embryos
Aw, S., Koster, J., Pearson, W., Nicols, C., Shi, N. Q., Carneiro, K., and Levin, M. (2010)
Developmental Biology, 346(1): 39-53

Far from solved: a perspective on what we know about early mechanisms of left-right asymmetry
Vandenberg, L. N., and Levin, M. (2010) ​​​​
Developmental Dynamics, 239(12): 3131-3146 

Molecular mechanisms establishing consistent left-right asymmetry during vertebrate embryogenesis
Aw, S., and Levin, M. (2009)
in I. E. C Sommer and R. S, Kahn (Eds.), Language Lateralization and Psychosis, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge UK, pp. 3-18

Is left-right asymmetry a form of planar cell polarity?
Aw, S., and Levin, M. (2009)
Development, 136(3): 355-366

Perspectives and open problems in the early phases of left-right patterning
Vandenberg, L., and Levin, M. (2009)
Seminars in Cell and Developmental Biology, 20(4): 456-463

Left-right asymmetry in the chick embryo requires core planar cell polarity protein Vangl2
Zhang, Y., and Levin, M. (2009)
Genesis, 47(11): 719-728

KCNQ1 and KCNE1 K+ channel components are involved in early left-right patterning in Xenopus embryos
Morokuma, J., Blackiston, D., and Levin, M. (2008)
Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry, 21(5-6): 357-372

What's Left in Asymmetry?
Aw, S., and Levin, M. (2008)
Developmental Dynamics, 237(12): 3453-3464

H,K-ATPase protein Localization and Kir4.1 function reveal concordance of three axes during early determination of left-right asymmetry
Aw, S., Adams, D. S., Qiu, D., and Levin, M. (2007)
Mechanisms of Development, 125(3-4): 353-372

Left-right patterning from the inside out: widespread evidence for intracellular control
Levin, M., and Palmer, R. (2007)
BioEssays, 29(3): 271-287

Gap junctional communication in morphogenesis
Levin, M. (2007)
Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology, 94(1-2): 186-206

Gap junctions provide new links in Left-Right patterning
Oviedo, N., and Levin, M. (2007)
Cell, 129(4): 645-647

Ion flow regulates left-right asymmetry in sea urchin development
Hibino, T., Ishii, Y., Levin, M., and Nishino, A. (2006) ​​​​​
Development Genes and Evolution, 216(5): 265-276

Evidence for the regulation of left-right asymmetry in Ciona intestinalis by ion flux
Shimeld, S. M., and Levin, M. (2006) ​​​​​
Developmental Dynamics, 235(6): 1543-1553

Early, H+-V-ATPase-dependent proton flux is necessary for consistent left-right patterning of non-mammalian vertebrates
Adams, D. S., Robinson, K. R., Fukumoto, T., Yuan, S., Albertson, R. C., Yelick, P., Kuo, L., McSweeney, M., and Levin, M. (2006) ​​​​​
Development, 133(9): 1657-1671

Mathematical Model of Morphogen Electrophoresis through Gap Junctions
Esser, A. T., Smith, K. C., Weaver, J. C., and Levin, M. (2006)
Developmental Dynamics, 235(8): 2144-2159

Is the Early Left-Right Axis like a Plant, a Kidney, or a Neuron? The Integration of Physiological Signals in Left-Right Asymmetry
Levin, M. (2006) ​​​​
Birth Defects Research (Part C), 78(3): 191-223

Asymmetric expression of Syndecan-2 in early chick embryogenesis
Fukumoto, T., and Levin, M. (2005)
Gene Expression Patterns, 5(4): 525-528

Serotonin signaling is a very early step in patterning of the left-right axis in chick and frog embryos
Fukumoto, T., Kema, I. P., and Levin, M. (2005)
Current Biology, 15(9): 794-803

Eye regeneration assay reveals an invariant functional left-right asymmetry in the early bilaterian, Dugesia japonica
Nogi, T., Yuan, Y. E., Sorocco, D., Perez-Tomas, R., and Levin, M. (2005)
Laterality, 10(3): 193-205

Localization and loss-of-function implicates ciliary proteins in early, cytoplasmic roles in left-right asymmetry
Qiu, D., Cheng, S. M., Wozniak, L., McSweeney, M., Perrone, E., and Levin, M. (2005)
Developmental Dynamics, 234(1): 176-189

Serotonin transporter function is an early step in left-right patterning in chick and frog embryos
Fukumoto, T., Blakely, R., and Levin, M. (2005) ​​​​​
Developmental Neuroscience, 27(6): 349-363

Left-right asymmetry in embryonic development: a comprehensive review
Levin, M. (2005) ​​​​​
Mechanisms of Development, 122(1): 3-25

The embryonic origins of left-right asymmetry
Levin, M. (2004) ​​​​​
Critical Reviews in Oral Biology and Medicine, 15(4): 197-206

Early Patterning of the Left/Right Axis
Adams, D. S., and Levin, M. (2004)
in C. D. Stern (Ed.), Gastrulation: from cells to embryo, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press: Long Island  NY, pp. 403-417

Fusicoccin signaling reveals 14-3-3 protein function as a novel step in left-right patterning during amphibian embryogenesis
Bunney, T. D., De Boer, A. H., and Levin, M. (2003)
Development, 130(20): 4847-4858

Left-Right Asymmetry in Amphibian Embryogenesis
Levin, Michael, (2003)
in Developmental Biology, Vol. 6 of Biology of the Amphibia, edited by Harold Heatwole and Brenda Brizuela

Motor protein control of ion flux is an early step in embryonic left-right asymmetry
Levin, M. (2003)
BioEssays, 25(10): 1002-1010

Asymmetries in H+/K+-ATPase and cell membrane potentials comprise a very early step in left-right patterning
Levin, M., Thorlin, T., Robinson, K., Nogi, T., and Mercola, M. (2002)
Cell, 111(1): 77-89

Left-Right asymmetry determination in vertebrates
Mercola, M., and Levin, M. (2001) ​​​​​
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology, 17: 779-805

Asymmetry of Body and Brain: Embryological and Twin Studies
Levin, M. (2001)
in N. Smelser and P. Baltes (Eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences, Elsevier: Oxford UK, pp. 853-859

Twinning and embryonic left-right asymmetry
Levin, M. (1999) ​​​​​
Laterality, 4(3): 197-208

Cerberus regulates left-right asymmetry of the embryonic head and heart
Zhu, L., Marvin, M. J., Gardiner, A., Lassar, A. B., Mercola, M., Stern, C. D., and Levin, M. (1999)
Current Biology, 9(17): 931-938

Gap Junction-Mediated Transfer of Left-Right Patterning Signals in the Early Chick Blastoderm is Upstream of Shh Asymmetry in the Node
Levin, M., and Mercola, M. (1999)
Development, 126(21): 4703-4714

Left-right asymmetry in animal embryogenesis
Levin, M. (1999)
in G. Palyi, C. Zucchi, and L. Caglioti (Eds.), Advances in Biochirality, Elsevier Science Ltd: Oxford UK, Chapter 12, pp. 137-152

Gap junctions are involved in the early generation of left right asymmetry
Levin, M., and Mercola, M. (1998)
Developmental Biology, 203(1): 90-105

Evolutionary conservation of mechanisms upstream of asymmetric nodal expression: Reconciling chick and Xenopus
Levin, M., and Mercola, M. (1998)
Developmental Genetics, 23(3): 185-193

Left-Right asymmetry and the chick embryo
Levin, M. (1998)
Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology, 9(1): 67-76

The compulsion of chirality: toward an understanding of left-right asymmetry
Levin, M., and Mercola, M. (1998)
Genes & Development, 12(6): 763-769

Left/Right Patterning Signals and the Independent Regulation of Different Aspects of Situs in the Chick Embryo
Levin, M., Pagan, S., Roberts, D. J., Cooke, J., Kuehn, M. R., and Tabin, C. J. (1997)
Developmental Biology, 189(1): 57-67

Two molecular models of initial left-right asymmetry generation
Levin, M., and Nascone, N. (1997)
Medical Hypotheses, 49(5): 429-435

Left-right asymmetry in vertebrate embryogenesis
Levin, M. (1997)
BioEssays, 19(4): 287-296

Laterality defects in conjoined twins
Levin, M., Roberts, D. J., Holmes, L. B., and Tabin, C. (1996)
Nature, 384(6607): 321

A molecular pathway determining left-right asymmetry in chick embryogenesis
Levin, M., Johnson, R. L., Stern, C. D., Kuehn, M., and Tabin, C. (1995)
Cell, 82(5): 803-814